自然资源学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 208-212.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.03.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国双向式自然资源发展战略研究

刘燕鹏, 李立贤   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-01-16 修回日期:2000-03-06 出版日期:2000-09-25 发布日期:2000-09-25
  • 作者简介:刘燕鹏(1959-),男,北京市人,副研究员,中国科学院国情分析研究小组学术秘书、骨干成员,曾获 得中科院1997年度科技进步一等奖。主要研究方向为资源系统分析,撰写报告、论文等四十余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院院长基金特别支持项目

Natural resources and development—Study on China's two-way natural resources utilization strategy

LIU Yanpeng, LI Lixian   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources,CAS,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2000-01-16 Revised:2000-03-06 Online:2000-09-25 Published:2000-09-25

摘要: 本项研究系统分析了资源与经济发展的基本关系特点。提出中国持续发展的核心问题是处理资源与发展的关系 ,并认为关键是建立适应市场机制的资源供需体系。总结了中国跨世纪面临的资源四大挑战与存在的五大问题 ,概括了我国资源与发展的若干规律 ,首次提出中国存在资源国际贸易逆差 ,中国国际贸易的顺差是依靠资源国际贸易的逆差、牺牲紧缺资源而换取的。因此 ,中国应该实行双向式自然资源发展战略。并提出了该战略的核心思想及若干政策性建议

关键词: 自然资源, 发展战略, 国际贸易逆差, 消费需求

Abstract: This paper,along with the way of interface between natural resources and economy,which is a supply demand system,systematically analyses the characteristics of basic relationship between resources and economic development.The core issue in Chinas sustainable development is how to deal with the relationship between resources and economy.It is held that the key is to set up a new resources supply demand system which must be suitable for market economy.This paper identifies four challenges and five problems which China is facing at the turn of the century,analyzes the rules of Chinas resources and development,and for the first time raises the point that there is an international trade deficit of resources in China.The study concludes that Chinas international trade surplus was achieved by depending on the international trade deficit of resources and exportation of shortage resources.So,China must implement the two way resources utilization strategy.The core strategic thought and some suggestions on public policies.

Key words: resources international trade deficit, two way natural resources using strategy, regulation of resources consume demand life, resources supply demand fluctuation