自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 140-145.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.02.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长白山自然保护区生物多样性旅游价值评估研究

薛达元1, 包浩生2, 李文华3   

  1. 1. 澳大利亚昆士兰大学经济系, 布里斯班 4072;
    2. 南京大学自然资源研究中心, 南京 210093;
    3. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-18 修回日期:1998-11-27 出版日期:1999-06-25 发布日期:1999-06-25
  • 作者简介:薛达元,男,1955年8月生,副研究员,1982年毕业于南京农业大学,1987年获该校理学硕士学位,1997 年获南京大学理学博士学位。自1987年起,从事自然保护区和生物多样性研究,主持国家/八五0、/九五0攻 关专题及联合国环境规划署资助的一系列重大项目。出版专著及译著9部,发表论文50多篇。现在澳大利 亚昆士兰大学从事博士后研究。

A STUDY ON TOURISM VALUE OF BIODIVERSITY IN CHANGBAISHAN MOUNTAIN BIOSPHERE RESERVE (CMBR) IN NORTHEAST CHINA

XUE Da yuan1, BAO Hao sheng2, 3   

  1. 1. Department of Economics, the University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld 4072, Australi a;
    2. Natural Resources Research Center, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093;
    3. Commission f or I ntegr ated Survey of Natu ralResou rces, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-08-18 Revised:1998-11-27 Online:1999-06-25 Published:1999-06-25

摘要: 在野外调查的基础上,采用费用支出法、旅行费用法(TCM)及条件价值法(CVM)对长白山自然保护区生物多样性旅游价值进行了评估。旅游价值估算为游客的旅行费用支出、消费者剩余、时间价值和其他花费之和。计算消费者剩余使用了国外流行的TCM技术,通过全国地理小区划分和3131位游客的现场抽样调查,计算出游客出发小区的旅游率,建立了旅游率与人口、收入、旅行费用及旅行时间等因变量之间的回归模型和“供给—需求曲线”,求出全体游客的消费者剩余。计算结果表明,1996年长白山保护区生物多样性旅游价值为43205万元,其中国内旅游价值13783万元,国外旅游价值29422万元。

关键词: 旅游价值, 中国, 自然保护区, 长白山

Abstract: Based on field investigations and by using the expense payment method, travel cost method (TCM) and contingent valuation method (CVM),the tourism value of biodiversity in Changbaishan Mountain Biosphere Reserve (CMBR) is evaluated in this paper.The tourism value is considered as the sum of the tourists' trave l cost,consumer surplus,time value and other expenses.To calculate the consumer surplus,the TCM technique,popular in some western countries,is used.By dividing the country into small geographic sub regions and carrying out on site samplin g investigations of 3 131 visitors,the visiting rates of the tourists from the s tarting sub regions to CMBR are calculated,a regression model between the visit ing rates and the variables such as population,incomes,travel costs,and travel t ime of the sub regions,and a supply demand curve is established and the consum er's surplus of all the tourists is thus figured out.The results showed that in 1996,the total tourism value of biodiversity in CMBR reached 432 million yuan,o f which domestic tourism value was 137 83 million yuan and international touri sm value,294.2 million yuan.

Key words: China, protected area, biosphere reserve, tourism value, Changbaishan

中图分类号: 

  • F59 S759.9