自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 79-83.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.01.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态旅游地可持续旅游发展规划初探

刘家明, 杨新军   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:1998-02-27 修回日期:1998-05-25 出版日期:1999-03-25 发布日期:1999-03-25
  • 作者简介:刘家明,男,1967年出生,1992年毕业于华东师范大学地理系,获理学硕士学位,现为北京大学城市与 环境学系博士研究生,主要从事旅游开发与管理及自然地理方面的研究,已发表论文近20篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

RESEARCH ON SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING IN ECOTOURISM DESTINATIONS

Liu Jiaming, Yang Xinjun   

  1. Department of Geography , Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1998-02-27 Revised:1998-05-25 Online:1999-03-25 Published:1999-03-25

摘要: 简要总结了两种生态旅游观点,在此基础上给出了生态旅游的可操作性定义。针对旅游地4个方面的限定,提出相应的生态旅游地规划的要求,认为生态旅游地的规划属于微观尺度的社区旅游规划,更注重景点及服务设施的建设设计与布局,而不是宏观的发展战略及中观的规模聚集效应,其出发点和归宿点是旅游资源的开发和保护。从生态旅游地的规划目标出发给出了生态旅游地的规划内容,探讨了生态旅游地可持续旅游发展的实施方略,指出功能分区、游客管理、形象策划及景观设计在生态旅游地开发及规划中的重要意义

关键词: 生态旅游, 生态旅游地, 可持续旅游发展, 功能分区, 旅游规划

Abstract: The paper briefly sums up two kinds of ecotourism ideas on which theoperational definition of ecotourism is built up. Based on the four definitive aspects of tourism destinations, the authors hold that ecotourism destination planning is the community tourism planning of micro scale. Such micro scale planning stresses the design and development patterns of tourism attractions rather than the macro deve lopment strategies and the moderate scale cluster effects. The development and protection of tourism attractions is the absolute core of ecotourism destinations. In the thesis, the authors also put forwards the operational flowing framework of ecotourism destination planning from its planning goals. At last, the paper discusses the implementing strategies that can make ecotourism sustainable. Landscape design, function zoning and corporate identity design is especially important to the successful ma nagement of the ecotourism destinations.

Key words: ecotourism, ecotourism destination, sustainable tourism development, tourism function zoning, tourism planning

中图分类号: 

  • S759.9