自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 69-74.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.01.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论精确农业及我国行动对策

喻歌农1, 周泳2   

  1. 1. 成都农业遥感分中心, 成都 610066;
    2. 四川省农业科学院科技成果应用处, 成都 610066
  • 收稿日期:1998-03-04 修回日期:1998-08-21 出版日期:1999-03-25 发布日期:1999-03-25
  • 作者简介:喻歌农,男,1965年7月生,现任成都农业遥感分中心研究部主任,副研究员。目前主要从事遥感与地理 信息系统的应用研究,研究项目涉及农业估产、农业用地动态监测、灾害监测、城市基础设施信息管理系统 设计、资源与环境监测、城镇地级估价及规划等。

PRECISION AGRICULTURE AND ITS PROSPECTIVE IN CHINA

Yu Genong1, Zhou Yong2   

  1. 1. Chengdu Subcentre of Agricultural Remote Sensing, Chengdu 610066;
    2. Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066
  • Received:1998-03-04 Revised:1998-08-21 Online:1999-03-25 Published:1999-03-25

摘要: 精确农业是超前性的农业新技术。由于精确农业充分地利用了作物、土壤和病虫害的空间和时间变化量来进行耕作和田间管理,因而,取得的经济和环境边际效益非常显著。结合我国国情,研究发展适用的精确农业技术体系、应用体系不仅是必要的,而且是可能的。精确农业的研究与发展将有助于我国人口、资源与环境方面重大问题的解决,有助于农业资源的高效利用和农业环境保护。为了适应精确农业应用,作为核心技术的地理信息系统(GIS)技术也应在界面、功能、可操作性、信息源、实时性和处理速度等方面进行改进,深入研究多层次集成系统

关键词: 精确农业, 地理信息系统, 现状, 对策

Abstract: Precision agriculture is one of the most advanced technologies in agriculture. Its marginal efficiency in economy and environment is significant, since it makes full use of temporal and spatial variabilities of crops, soils, insect pest and disease to farming practices and field management. According to China's conditions, it is not only necessary but also feasible to study and develop appropriate technical and applied systems of precision agriculture. The development of precision agriculture will facilitate solutions to major issues in population, resources and environment and benefit China in high efficiency utilization of agricultural resources and environmental protection. To meet the specific requirements of precision agriculture, some adaptations, like those in interface, statistical and modeling functions, easy manipulation, information resources, real time GPS connection, and processing speed, should be made on GIS, which is the key technical system in integrated precision farming practices.

Key words: precision agriculture, GIS, present status, prospective

中图分类号: 

  • S126