自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 62-68.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.01.009

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GIS支持下的土壤侵蚀量估算——以江西省泰和县灌溪乡为例

游松财, 李文卿   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 收稿日期:1998-03-24 修回日期:1998-07-06 出版日期:1999-03-25 发布日期:1999-03-25
  • 作者简介:游松财,男,1963年10月17日生,中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会副研究员,1987年北京农业大 学毕业,硕士。主要从事自然资源信息管理与分析研究。

ESTIMATION OF SOIL EROSION SUPPORTED BY GIS A CASE STUDY IN GUANJI TOWNSHIP, TAIHE, JIANGXI

You Songcai, Li Wenqing   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-03-24 Revised:1998-07-06 Online:1999-03-25 Published:1999-03-25

摘要: 在地理信息技术(GIS)的支持下,应用通用土壤侵蚀方程(UniversalSoilLossEquation,简称USLE)估算了江西省泰和县灌溪乡的土壤侵蚀量。研究结果表明,当地表覆盖率大于15%时,计算的结果与实测的数据有良好的相关性(087)。

关键词: 土壤侵蚀, 地理信息系统, USLE

Abstract: Supported by GIS, Universal Soil Loss Equation(USLE) was used to estimate soil erosion in different geopedologic units interpreted from air photos at approximate scale of 1∶20 000. Based on field surveys,a land use map was interpreted from TM image(1991-11-17)by supervised classification for estimating p factor. Likewise, TM image was also applied to calculate land cover rate for estimating C factor. According to the analysis of cropping system and intra annual precipitation distribution, three periods of October to March (Ⅰ), April to June (Ⅱ), and July to September (Ⅲ) with distinguished land cover differences were identified.Land cover rate for period Ⅰ was calculated from TM image through a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and land cover rate for the other two periods were modi fied from that of period Ⅰ by considering the land use types. A weighted average of land cover rate was calculated from that of three periodsby considering the distribution of precipitation.The result shows that the relation between the estimated value and observed value is high when land cover rate is over 15%.

Key words: soil erosion, GIS, USLE

中图分类号: 

  • TP393 S157