自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 344-351.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.04.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业生态系统种养结合优化结构模式的研究

杨修1, 李文华2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心系统生态室;
    2. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-30 修回日期:1998-03-24 出版日期:1998-12-25 发布日期:1998-12-25
  • 作者简介:杨修,男,1961年11月生,中国科学院生态环境研究中心博士后。研究方向为农林复合经营、乡村可持 续发展及退化生态系统的恢复和重建。发表科研论文多篇,并获得多项科研成果奖励。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院封丘农业生态开放实验站开放基金

STUDY ON OPTIMIZATION STRUCTURE MODEL OF FARMING AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM

YANG Xiu1, LI Wenhua2   

  1. 1. Department of Systems Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080;
    2. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-12-30 Revised:1998-03-24 Online:1998-12-25 Published:1998-12-25

摘要: 根据种植业和畜禽养殖业协调发展的原则,以河南省封丘县潘店乡现行农业生态系统物质流、能量流和价值流为基础,以种植业和畜禽养殖业总体经济纯效益最高为目标,在土地面积、劳力、畜力、社会需求、饲料量的约束之下,进行了种养结合的优化设计,得出了优化方案。优化后的农业生产结构比优化前的纯收益提高了6914%,系统的综合效益指数提高了3348%,优化方案对调查地区农业生态系统结构调整具有一定指导意义。

关键词: 农业生态系统, 种养结合, 优化

Abstract: According to the principle of harmonious development of integrated farming system, based on material and energy flow and economic value flow in the existing agriculture system in consideration of restrained factors of land area, manpower, livestock power, social demand and fodder amount in the investigation area, an optimization structure was suggested. In the light of the optimization model, the total net profit of farming and animal husbandry can be 69 14% more than that of conventional one, and the system's comprehensive profit index can be increased by 33.48%, which indicated that this optimization design can provide significant benefits for adjusting the structure of agriculture system in the investigation area.

Key words: agricultural ecosystem, combination of farming and animal husbandry, optimization