自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 333-336.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.04.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山西矿区矸石山复垦种植施肥策略

武冬梅1, 张建红2, 吕珊兰2, 赵景逵2   

  1. 1. 山西大学黄土高原研究所;
    2. 山西农业大学
  • 收稿日期:1997-10-14 修回日期:1998-04-27 出版日期:1998-12-25 发布日期:1998-12-25
  • 作者简介:武冬梅,女,1969年生,助教。1996年毕业于山西农业大学作物营养与施肥专业,获农学硕士学位。现主 要从事黄土高原水土流失的综合治理与开发方面的研究。已发表论文5篇。
  • 基金资助:

    山西省科委课题

A STUDY ON THE FERTILIZATION STRATEGY IN RECLAMATION AND REVEGETATION OF GANGUE MOUNTS IN MINING AREAS OF SHANXI

WU Dongmei1, ZHANG Jianhong2, LU Shanlan2, ZHAO Jinkui2   

  1. 1. Institute of Loess Plateau, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006;
    2. Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801
  • Received:1997-10-14 Revised:1998-04-27 Online:1998-12-25 Published:1998-12-25

摘要: 围绕煤矸石缺乏有机活性物质及有效养分的问题,在矸石山复垦种植时,对施肥作了试验研究。结果表明,煤矸石风化物由于吸附性能低,保肥性差,所以施用化肥时一次用量不宜过大。并从降低复垦的投资与难度以及尽快建立一个可自我维持生长的植被出发,提出了矸石山复垦种植时化肥与污泥配合施用的施肥策略,并对污泥的施用效果做了研究。

关键词: 煤矸石, 矸石山, 复垦种植, 施肥策略, 化肥, 污泥

Abstract: This paper studies the fertilization of gangue weathering matter centered around its serious deficiencies in organic active matter and available nutrients. The results showed that application rate of each time should not be high because of its low absorbability and low fertility preserving capability. Proceed from reducing investment and difficulties in reclamation and quick establishment of a self maintaining vegetation, the paper advances a fertilization strategy of combining chemical fertilizer with sludge, and studies the fertilization effect of sludge.

Key words: gangue, gangue mount, reclamation and vegetation, fertilization strategy sludge, chemical, fertilizer