自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 312-319.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.04.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

湿地综合分类研究:Ⅱ.模型

殷康前, 倪晋仁   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系
  • 收稿日期:1997-11-01 修回日期:1998-02-04 出版日期:1998-12-25 发布日期:1998-12-25
  • 作者简介:殷康前,男,1972年10月生,安徽霍邱县人,现在北大方正技术研究院从事软件开发工作。1989年考 入清华大学环境工程系,攻读学士学位;1994年进入北京大学城市与环境学系攻读硕士学位,其间参与环境 科学研究项目若干项。曾与导师合作在《生态学报》《、自然资源学报》等核心刊物上发表学术论文。
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年基金

COMPREHENSIVE CLASSIFICATTON FOR WETLANDS Ⅱ. MODELLING DESCRIPTION

YIN Kangqian, NI Jinren   

  1. Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1997-11-01 Revised:1998-02-04 Online:1998-12-25 Published:1998-12-25

摘要: 在前文[1]提出的湿地综合分类方法的基础上,进一步探讨用状态变量描述湿地状态特征和动力特征的途径。重点讨论建立反映湿地状态变量间制约关系的湿地动力模型。这一工作是湿地综合分类的主要目的所在,是综合分类研究的自然延伸,同时也是实现对湿地系统定量描述的有益尝试。

关键词: 湿地, 模型, 动力, 分类

Abstract: Based on the wetland classification systems presented in the companion paper, typical mathematical models are further developed for wetlands. Special attentions are paid to the series of hydrological models, including surface runoff mo delling, hydrodynamic modelling, water quality modelling, sediment transport mo delling, etc. Secondly, the simple relationship among the models as well as that between hydrological models and ecological models are discussed. According to the analysis stated in this paper, various wetland classification indexes characterized by dynamic behaviours physically, chemically or biologically could be quantitatively des cribed by the given mathematical models. It is indicated that the comprehensive classification system for wetlands allow for feasible introduction of wetland models, but the complete coupling of all the models is still not possible in the present stage. Thus, simple causality analysis becomes very necessary in the study of wetland mo delling.

Key words: wetland, model, dynamic characteristics, classification