自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 306-311.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.04.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海滨旅游地气候适宜性评价

范业正, 郭来喜   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1998-01-13 修回日期:1998-05-06 出版日期:1998-12-25 发布日期:1998-12-25
  • 作者简介:范业正,男,1965年11月生,博士。主要从事区域经济、旅游规划、GIS应用、数学建模等方面的研究,参 与国家“七五”“、九五”重点攻关等10余项课题的研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

THE CLIMATE SUITABILITY OF TOURISM AT THE COASTLINE DESTINATIONS OF CHINA

FAN Yezheng, GUO Laixi   

  1. Institute of Geography, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-01-13 Revised:1998-05-06 Online:1998-12-25 Published:1998-12-25

摘要: 选定我国25个滨海城市和12个岛屿共计37个测站的四项指标(气温、风速、相对湿度、日照时数的多年月平均值)30多个系列年资料,对海滨城市和近岸岛屿的气候进行了系统分析。研究发现,我国的渤海湾沿岸海滨城市和海南南部城市有长达4~6个月的度假和休疗养的气候条件,它们在季节上有着较强的互补性,相比之下,其他海滨城市适宜旅游季节不长,且分成春、秋两个时段,综合条件不太理想。

关键词: 海滨城市, 气候适宜性, 温湿指数, 风效指数

Abstract: Chinas 18000 kilometer long coastline has great potential for the deve lopment of seashore tourism. The unique natural conditions, particutarly the mild climate, have attracted numerous tourists to come for the leisure or convalescent tourism on seashore. The research focuses on the physiological climate of coastal cities and small offshore islands in China.Four indexes—temperature, humidity, wind velocity and sunshine hours were selected in this research. Each of the indexes has its own effect on a body of person, so two integrated indexes were employed in the research. One is temperature humidity index, it shows true temperature sense of body; and the other one is index of wind effect, it shows true wind sense of body. These two indexes are calculated from temperature, humidity, wind velocity, and sunshine hours. The data from 37 observatory(25 coastal cities and 12 small offshore islands)were analyzed in this research. The influence of tropical cyclone and cold airflow was also considered. In this research, it is found that there are about 4~6 months convalescent climate for tourism in Bohai Gulf and southern Hainan coastal cities, in addition, there is great seasonal complementarity between the two areas. It is also found that the climate is not very good for tourism in the other coastal cities of China.

Key words: coastal city, climate suitability, temperature humidity index, index of wind effect