自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (3): 267-272.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.03.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中西部地区的改革发展与沿海要素西移

邹蓝   

  1. 国家体改委经济体制改革研究院
  • 收稿日期:1998-01-12 修回日期:1998-03-25 出版日期:1998-09-25 发布日期:1998-09-25
  • 作者简介:邹蓝,男,1955年1月生,副研究员,国际比较研究室副主任。1981年毕业于中国社会科学院研究生院, 主修国际经济,副修发展经济学。曾在英国Journal of Common M arket Studies与Dr John Redmond联 名发表论文。曾在多家研究所和U N DP中国代表处任职;曾在伯明翰大学和伦敦经济学院从事研究和讲 学。现从事西部和民族地区发展开放及国际比较研究。

INVESTMENT FROM THE COAST:WEST CHINA REFORM AND DEVELOPMENT

ZOU Lan   

  1. Research Institute for Restructuring Economic System, State Commission for Economic Restructuring, Beijing 100035
  • Received:1998-01-12 Revised:1998-03-25 Online:1998-09-25 Published:1998-09-25

摘要: 沿海企业因成本全面上升和资源分布格局的变化开始向西转移扩张。这对于缺乏投资而改革与发展滞后的内陆地区有促进发展和改革的双重意义。沿海由此为新产业发展让出空间,调整自己的产业结构;中西部则因要素注入而得以加速企业改革和发展,缩小中国区域发展差距。中央和地方政府政策和角色均应作调整,以方便和鼓励产业向西转移。

关键词: 沿海, 企业, 资源, 成本, 转移, 中西部地区, 发展, 改革, 收购/兼并

Abstract: Production factors are moving westward from the coastal areas in China. As a result, M/A activities are increasing, beneficial to the check of the enlargement of regional gaps. The westward movement of the factors is caused by the overall rise of cost for the coastal enterprises which are labor intensive, high material and energy consuming. Public listed companies intend to expand towards inland areas.The regional imbalance is mainly caused by the price distortion under central planned economy practised from the 1950s through to 1992. Cheaper resources from Western China made the profits in coastal manufacturing sectors seemingly high. Therefore, after opening and reform in the late 1970s, favorable policies and priority investments were earmarked for coastal areas only, promoting the coastal development effectively as talents, capitals and know hows from all over the nation concentrated in East China, while depriving the development potentials of the inland areas. They were the negative incentives.State intervention in Western China's development is necessary, but not in a traditional sense. The state's role is to improve the infrastructures to facilitate the entry of the coastal investors and set up a favorable policy environment and a better legal framework to induce and protect the new investors. Meanwhile economic policies in Western China have to be readjusted to promote the growth of the non state sectors, which are dwarfed by the state sector.

Key words: West China, coast, enterprise, cost, reform, relocation, merger/acquisition