自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 63-68.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.01.011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源丰度和资源有效空间——中国农业资源丰度综合估算方法的探讨

程鸿   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 收稿日期:1997-05-05 修回日期:1997-05-23 出版日期:1998-03-25 发布日期:1998-03-25
  • 作者简介:程鸿,男,1922年生,研究员。1947年毕业于复旦大学,长期从事农业地理、经济地理及资源经济研究。曾 任中国地理学会第四、五届理事,中国自然资源学会第一、二届理事和常务理事,担任过多种学术刊物主编,出 版过多种专著。

RESOURCES ABUNDANCE AND RESOURCES EFFICIENT SPACE——DISCUSSING THE METHOD OF INTEGRATED ESTIMATIONOF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES ABUNDANCE IN CHINA

CHENG Hong   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-05-05 Revised:1997-05-23 Online:1998-03-25 Published:1998-03-25

摘要: 开展资源丰度的研究,关键在于找到多种资源综合可比的计算单位和计算方法。本文以中国主要农业资源为例,探讨了一种以净产值为基础估算农牧林渔资源量的方法,并按一个年度的基数值计算了各地区单位面积农业资源的平均丰度。然后,以全国平均丰度值为1,计算出各地区的平均丰度比,再换算为各地区的农业资源有效面积。

关键词: 资源丰度, 资源有效空间

Abstract: The key to the study of the resources abundance lies in finding out the comparable calculation units and calculation methods for estimating various resources.This paper discusses the method of estimating the amounts of resources in farming, animal husbandry, forestry and fishery on the basis of the net production value, and estimates the average abundance of agricultural resources on the basis of the average value of 1993~1995 in different regions of ChinaIn this paper,the author assumes that the average abundance of China is one, and estimates the average abundance ratios of different regions. On the basis of the above estimation, the efficient areas of agricultural resources in different regions of China are estimated.

Key words: resource abundance, efficient area of resources