自然资源学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 52-57.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1998.01.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大同市煤炭型矿业城市可持续发展优化研究

沈镭, 程静   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 收稿日期:1997-06-12 修回日期:1997-08-07 出版日期:1998-03-25 发布日期:1998-03-25
  • 作者简介:沈镭,男,1964年11月生。1989年7月毕业于中国地质大学(北京)矿产系,同年获理学硕士学位,现为中 国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会副研究员。主要从事矿产资源经济、工业发展和区域可持续发展研究,发表 学术论文35篇,主编《长江中游沿江产业带建设》,参加编写专著6部。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

STUDY ON THE OPTIMIZATION OF COAL MINING CITIES OF DATONG FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

SHEN Lei, CHENG Jing   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences ,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-06-12 Revised:1997-08-07 Online:1998-03-25 Published:1998-03-25

摘要: 大同市是我国最重要的煤炭型矿业城市。40余年因煤炭资源开发和外输,形成了该市畸重的工业结构。在优质煤炭资源日趋枯竭的同时,生态环境也遭到严重的污染和破坏。本文详细地分析了大同煤炭资源在全国的作用、资源赋存及其开发利用状况,论证了大同市可持续发展的主要限制条件,最后提出了优化配置资源结构、调整优化经济结构、优化煤炭主导产业结构以及治理改良生态环境等途径与对策。

关键词: 矿业城市, 可持续发展, 大同市

Abstract: Datong is the most important coal mining city of China. The deformative structure of the industry of this city has been established for more than 40 years as a result of the exploitation and export of the coal resource . When the high quality coal resource is exhausted gradually the ecological environment is destroyed and polluted seriously. This paper analyzes in detail the national position,resource situation and its utilization of the coal resource of Datong and expounds the main limiting conditions for sustainable development of the city. Finally,the authors put forward the ways and counter measures for the optimization of resource allocation,economy structure adjustment,and coal industrial structure and also for the management and improvement of the ecological environment.

Key words: coal mining city, sustainable development, Datong city