自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 370-376.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.04.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域国土资源评价的系统分析方法

靖学青   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1996-11-26 修回日期:1997-04-28 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 作者简介:靖学青,男,1961年11月生。1987年毕业于山西师大地理系,获理学学士学位,1990年获该校区域地理专 业理学硕士学位,研究方向为区域国土资源合理开发利用与规划,现在中国科学院地理研究所攻读博士学位, 研究方向为区域开发与区域经济研究。与同行合著《经济地理学:理论与方法》一书,发表论文“改革开放前 30年中国生产力布局的客观评价”等十余篇。

A SYSTEMIC ANALYSIS METHOD OF EVALUATINGTHE REGIONAL TERRITORY RESOURCES

Jing Xueqing   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-11-26 Revised:1997-04-28 Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 针对目前国内区域国土资源整体优劣势及其配套组合评价不足的情况,本文通过山西省临汾地区国土资源综合评价的实证研究,从一般系统论的思想和观点出发,探索和总结了国土资源评价的系统分析方法,以提高区域国土资源评价的质量和水平。该方法主要包括3个内容:①选择有代表性的定量基础指标;②应用数学公式将定量分析指标逐级综合为反映各级资源项的定量指标,通过综合定量指标的横向比较,反映区域各资源项,以至自然、经济、社会三大资源的整体优劣势;③应用标准差计算各级资源项的组合指数,通过组合指数大小的横向对比,体现各级资源项配套组合状况的好坏。

关键词: 国土资源, 评价, 系统分析方法

Abstract: he regional territory resources evaluation is a very important basic work in the decision making of many important economic strategies. But in our country, now there are many quite serious problems in the resource evaluation method. The purpose of this paper is to study a better evaluational method for raising the level of the regional territory resources evaluation.The systemic analysis method expounded in this paper has mainly solved two problems: one is the evaluation of the superiority and inferiority of the resources as a whole and the other is evaluation of the compositional and coordinational situations of the resources. The concrete contents are as follows: (a) Setting up systemic thought and sense, understanding the territory resources system and its gradation and structure and understanding the regional system and its gradation and structure; (b) Choosing the representative quantitative basic indexes; (c) Establishing the mathematical mo dels, synthesizing the quantitative basic indexes grade by grade into the quantitative indexes which reflect the higher grade resources items and reflecting the whole superiority and inferiority of (1)the resources items of every grade of the regions and (2) the three big resource items (nature, economics and society) by means of the comparison of the synthetical quantitative indexes;(d) Calculating the compositional indexes of the resources items of every grade with the formula“standard disparity”, and reflecting the compositional and coordinational situations of the resources items of every grade of the regions of the same grade by means of the comparison of the campositional indexes.

Key words: erritory resources, evaluation, systemic analysis method