自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 349-356.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.04.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

能源资源开发与区域经济发展协调研究——以我国西北地区为例

樊杰   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1996-08-07 修回日期:1997-03-14 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 作者简介:樊杰,男,1961年出生,研究员,中国自然资源学会理事,中国能源学会理事。1982年毕业于北京大学地理 系,后在中国科学院地理研究所获得理学硕士、博士学位。发表有“自然资源结构在地区产业结构演进过程中 的宏观作用”“、我国煤矿城市产业结构转换问题的研究”等论文30余篇,并参加过9部专著的编写。
  • 基金资助:

    能源部“八五”重点软科学课题

A RESEARCH ON THE COORDINATION OF THE EXPLOITATIONOF ENERGY RESOURCES AND THE DEVELOPMENTOF REGIONAL ECONOMY——TAKING NORTHWEST CHINA AS AN EXAMPLE

Fan Jie   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-08-07 Revised:1997-03-14 Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 本文探讨了能源资源富集、但经济发展相对落后的经济大区能源资源开发同地区经济协调发展的问题。侧重以我国西北地区为例,从实证的角度,阐述了能源开发对地区经济繁荣的意义和作用、富能地区经济系统的空间组织以及推动能源开发同可持续发展相互协调的区域政策要点。

关键词: 能源, 区域经济, 中国西北地区, 协调

Abstract: In China, many regions where energy resources exploitation brings about regional economical development are relatively backward areas. Taking Northwest China as an examples, the problem of coordinating energy resources exploitation and regional economical construction is discussed in this paper. We emphatically analyse the position of energy industry in regional industrialization, the adjustment of industrial structure and the spatial organization of economical system on the basis of the utilization of energy resources, such as petroleum, natural gas, electricity and coal. Beside, the key points of the regional policy for promoting regional development and protecting ecological environment are put forward.The effects of China's major energy development policies on the regional development are summarized systematically in the paper. This include: (a) the reversion of the northward transportation of the coal produced in the south and the development of the Shanxi energy base; (b) the outward transfer of the natural gas produced in Sichuan Province and the eastward shift of the priority areas of oil survey; (c) the position change of hydropower and nuclear power in the regional energy structure; (d) the exploitation of marine energy and the energy import policies. Accordingly,an analysis of the national role and sort structure of the energy resources of Northwest China is made Moreover, combining with the evaluation of the socio economic development of the region, we indicate that the rich energy resources and the backward economy constitute the main contradiction of the regional development Afterwards the future industria lization path and the prospect of industrial restructuring of Northwest China are studied both theoretically and empirically. The major results include the clarification of the role and position of energy industry, the quantitative analysis of the demand and supply structure of energy of Northwest China, the regional pattern of energy distribution, and the constructive suggestions to the construction of energy bases and highly energy consumed industrial system.Finally, the regional policies for promoting the socio economic development and the energy development of Northwest China are discussed. They include: (a) the policy of investment and economic earnings; (b) the policy of the protection of water and soil resources and the construction of ecological environment ; and (c) the policy of the development of a comprehensive traffic and transportation system.

Key words: regional economy, Northwest China, coordination, nergy