自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 299-306.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.04.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论可持续发展与水资源工程环境影响评价

史晓新, 夏军   

  1. 武汉水利电力大学河流工程系, 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:1997-02-12 修回日期:1997-06-05 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 作者简介:史晓新,男,1968年7月生。武汉水利电力大学河流工程系水资源与水环境专业博士研究生。主要从事水 资源与水环境系统的评价、规划及管理的理论及应用研究。曾参加国家“八五”“攻关子课题”“黄河泥沙对水质影响及重点河段水污染控制模型研究”和水利部科技重点项目“区域水环境水资源管理多目标综合评价技术研究”的部分工作。已发表“水环境质量评价灰色模式识别模型及应用”、“水体自净系数的研究”等论文7篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金;水利部科技重点基金

A DISCUSSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THEENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OFWATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING

Shi Xiaoxin, Xia Jun   

  1. Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electric Engineering, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:1997-02-12 Revised:1997-06-05 Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 本文在分析传统水资源工程环境影响评价固有模式及存在问题的基础上,对水资源工程环境影响评价赋予了可持续性的内涵,并对其理论和方法进行了新的探索,建立了一套适应我国国情的基于可持续发展的水资源工程环境影响评价模式体系。其内容包括可持续发展的水资源工程环境影响评价理论基础、评价内容、评价方法、评价指标体系及评价准则和工作程序

关键词: 可持续发展, 水资源工程, 环境影响评价

Abstract: ustainable development is a new type of development mode ,which is proposed to overcome the disadvantage of tranditional development mode. The disadventage is to develop the social economy at the expense of the environment. The essence of sustainable development is emphasizing the coordination between the social economy development and the resources and environment protection to ensure the sustainability of the social economy development.Under the great transformation of development mode of human society, the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of water resources engineering which is at intersection between environmental science and resources science also should fit the demand of this new transformation. In this paper, on the basis of an analysis of the tranditional mode of the EIA of water resources engineering and its five problems, we give the EIA of water resource engineering the connotation of sustainability and study its theory and method, then proposes the mode system of the EIA of water resources engineering of sustainable development which adapts the situation of China. It includes the theorical basis,evaluating contents,evaluating methods,evaluating index system , evaluating criterions and working procedure of the EIA of water resources engineering of sustainable development.

Key words: ustainable development, water resources engineering, environmental impact essessment (EIA)