自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 211-218.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.03.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

现代荒漠化过程中人为影响的系统分析——以内蒙古自治区乌审旗现代荒漠化过程为例

刘爱民, 慈龙骏   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1996-04-16 修回日期:1996-12-25 出版日期:1997-09-25 发布日期:1997-09-25
  • 作者简介:刘爱民,男,1966年9月生,1994年中国农业大学博士毕业。主要从事农业资源与环境系统分析、农业发展 模式与农业可持续发展方面的研究工作,近年来在国内学术刊物及报刊杂志上发表论文共计20余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE MANMADE INFLUENCE INMODERN DESERTIFICATION PROCESS

Liu Aimin, Ci Longjun   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-04-16 Revised:1996-12-25 Online:1997-09-25 Published:1997-09-25

摘要: 人类生产系统同资源环境之间存在复杂的多重反馈作用机制,现代荒漠化过程是人类活动不当造成的。本文对现代荒漠化过程中人为影响的系统分析表明:现代荒漠化过程中,各指标的变化速率不是一成不变的,而具有明显的阶段性;将控制人口增长速度与增加农牧业生产的物质技术投入、提高农牧业生产的集约化水平结合在一起,实行综合治理,是防治荒漠化的重要措施。

关键词: 现代荒漠化过程, 人为影响, 系统分析

Abstract: here is a complex multiple feedback mechanism between the man production system and the resource environment. The modern desertification process is caused by improper human activities . In this paper, we take Wushenqi of the Maowusu sand region as the research object and use the relevant theory of systematology to analyze the correlation mechanism between farming,animal husbandry, forestry, industry and population on one side and modern desertification on the other side. We also use the system dynamic method to simulate the development trend of the modern desertification in Wushenqi. The results indicate that in the modern desertification process the change rates of various indices do not remain unchanged, they have clear steps. It may be concluded that combining the control of the population increase speed with the increase of material and technology inputs in agricultural and animal husbandry production, increasing intensive level, and practicing comprehensive management are the main measures to prevent desertification.

Key words: odern desertificaiton process, manmade influence, systematic analysis