自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (2): 160-168.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.02.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态资源破坏经济损失计量中概念和方法的规范化

徐嵩龄   

  1. 中国社会科学院环境与发展研究中心, 北京 100732
  • 收稿日期:1996-11-14 出版日期:1997-06-25 发布日期:1997-06-25
  • 作者简介:徐嵩龄,男,中国社会科学院环境与发展中心研究员。研究领域涉及生态环境的保护与恢复、全球环境变 化、资源与环境经济学等。在国内外学术刊物与会议中发表过有关论文。

THE STANDARDIZATION OF THE CONCEPTS AND METHODS INTHE CALCULATION OF THE ECONOMIC LOSS OFECOLOGICAL RESOURCES DESTRUCTION

Xu Songling   

  1. Research Centre of Environment and Development, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100732
  • Received:1996-11-14 Online:1997-06-25 Published:1997-06-25

摘要: 本文研究了在生态资源破坏的经济损失计量中与概念和方法的规范化有关的问题。它们依次是:生态资源的多价值性及价值概念系统;用于生态资源破坏经济损失计量的两种计算结构;在资源价值型计算结构中生态资源破坏量和资源的单位功能价值的确定;在核算型计算结构中生态资源破坏对灾变的影响权的确定,以及生态破坏诱发的灾害对整个经济社会系统的冲击性影响。

关键词: 生态资源, 经济损失, 计算结构, 多价值性, 累积破坏量, 年际破坏增量, 单位功能价值, 基准存量, 影响权

Abstract: This paper has studied the problems that are related to the standardization of the concepts and methods in the computation of the economic loss of ecological resources destruction. The problems are: (a) the muliti value character of ecological resources and the value concept system, (b) the two computation structures used to compute the economic loss of ecological resources, (c) the determination of 1. the amount of ecological resources destruction in the computation structure of the resource value type and 2. the unit function value of resources, (d) the determination of the effect weight of the ecological resources destruction to disasters, and (e) the battering effects of the disasters tempted by ecological destruction on the whole economic social system.

Key words: cological resources, economic loss, computation structure, multivalue character, accumulated amount of destruction, yearly increment of destruction, unit function value, datum storage, effect weight