自然资源学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 55-59.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.01.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论遗传资源保护的国家战略

薛达元   

  1. 国家环保局南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
  • 收稿日期:1996-03-21 修回日期:1996-06-10 出版日期:1997-03-25 发布日期:1997-03-25
  • 作者简介: 薛达元,男,1955年8月生,1982年毕业于南京农业大学,1987年获该校理学硕士。现为国家环保局南 京环科所副研究员,南京大学大地海洋系博士。近10 a来主要从事自然保护区管理和生物多样性保护的研究 工作,主持“八五”攻关专题和部级以上课题10多项,出版《中国自然保护区建设与管理》、《“生物多样性公约”技术评注与履行策略》等专著(包括合著)6本,翻译出版《保护世界的生物多样性》等2本,发表论文40多篇。
  • 基金资助:

    “八·五”国家科技攻关项目

ON THE STATE STRATEGY FOR THE PROTECTION OF GENETIC RESOURCES OF CHINA

Xue Dayuan   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, National Environment Protection Agency, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:1996-03-21 Revised:1996-06-10 Online:1997-03-25 Published:1997-03-25

摘要: “遗传资源取得”是《生物多样性公约》的核心论题,是发展中国家和发达国家在《公约》谈判中争论的焦点。为保护和持续利用遗传资源,本文根据《公约》第15条规定,结合中国在遗传资源保护方面的现状,提出:国家需要建立处理“遗传资源取得”问题的法规、政策及专利制度;进一步开展国内遗传资源的收集保护和科学研究;通过交换和参与合作研究,尽可能从国际农业研究机构和其他国家获取更多的遗传资源。

关键词: 生物多样性, 遗传资源, 保护, 取得, 战略

Abstract: The oblainment of genetic resources is a core issue of the Biological Diversity Convention and an argument focus in the negotiations of the Convention between the developing countries and the developed countries. In this paper, according to Article 15 of the Convention and the present situation of the protection of genetic resources in China, some strategic measures are suggested for conserving and rationally using the resources. The measures include establishing legislations, policies and patent systems to deal with the problem of obtaining genetic resources; promoting further the collection, protection and scientific researches of domestic genetic resources; and obtaining as many as possible the genetic resources from international agricultural research institutions and other foreign countries through resource exchanges,study co operation projects and other approaches.

Key words: biodiversity, genetic resources, protection, obtainment, strategy