自然资源学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 272-279.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1996.03.013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

青海省塔拉滩草原利用方向探讨

赵训经, 那文俊   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会,国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25

A STUDY ON THE UTILIZATION DIRECTION OF THE TALA SHOAL GRASSLAND, QINGHAI

Zhao Xunjing, Na Wenjun   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 青海省共和县塔拉滩是一个平坦开阔的大草原,近40多年来一直有宜农与宜牧之争。本文就此,从3个方面作了重点论述:垦滩种粮的后果严重;超载过牧也有潜在生态危机;最佳出路是将根治沙源与合理利用草原结合起来,发展季节畜牧业,走一条治用结合、滩谷互补、农牧业相互促进的道路,建设一个新型草原。

关键词: 塔拉滩草原, 垦滩种粮, 超载过牧, 生态危机, 滩谷互补

Abstract: The Tala Shoal grassland located in Gonghe County of Qinghai Province, is a wide and level grassland. There exist debated about whether it is suitable for farming or for livestock breeding for more than forty years. This paper discusses this question from three aspects: (a) The exploitation of the grassland into farmland will cause serious consequence; (b) There is also the potential ecological crisis if the grassland is under overgrazing beyond the carrying capacity; (3) The best way to use the grassland is the combination of the rational utilization of the grassland with the thorough management of the sand source on purpose to develop the seasonal animal husbandry. It should take the road that includes combining management with utilization, mutual supplement of the shoal and the valley, and mutual improvement of agriculture and animal husbandry.Thus, a new type of grassland will be established.

Key words: Tala Shoal grassland, reclaiming the shoal and growing the grain, overgrazing beyond the carrying capacity, ecological crisis, mutual supplement of the shoal and valley