自然资源学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 231-238.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1996.03.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国畜禽品种资源的多样性与畜牧业的可持续发展

沈长江   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25

THE DIVERSITY OF ANIMAL AND POULTRY VARIETY RESOURCES OF CHINA AND THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Shen Changjiang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 在指出畜禽品种资源多样性是保证畜牧业稳定持续发展重要的基本要素的基础上,回顾与评价了近半个世纪国内外对畜禽品种资源进行的主要工作,以及对资源多样性认识的逐步进展。继之阐明了我国畜禽品种资源的多样性及其在国际上的地位和影响。然后指出了我国畜禽品种资源及其多样性面临的困境。进一步论述了六条对策,其中最重要的是从观念上和理论上彻底摈弃长期存在的对畜禽品种资源掠夺的观念和作法。并制定正确的有科学预见的保护决策和措施。

关键词: 畜禽品种资源, 畜牧业, 多样性, 可持续发展

Abstract: This paper points out that the diversity of animal and poultry variety resources is one of the basic elements for sustainable development of animal husbandry. The main studies and the understanding of the diversity of animal and poultry variety resources in China and abroad in the recent half century are reviewed and appraised. Then the diversity of animal and poultry resources of China and its international status and effects are expounded. The difficult position of these resources at present is pointed out. There are six strategies and ways to deal with this situation, which are discussed too. The most important strategy is to completely change the traditional predatory ideas toward the animal and poultry variety resources it is necessary to learn the experiences and lessons from the western developed countries, namely,"to destroy these resources at first, then to look for, to collect and to conserve the diversity". So we should make the correct decision and approach for keeping the diversity of animal and poultry variety resources of China.

Key words: animal and poultry variety resources, animal husbandry diversity, sustainable development