自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 97-103.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.02.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国冰川水资源状况及开发利用途径

王立伦   

  1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所, 兰州 730000
  • 出版日期:1995-09-25 发布日期:1995-09-25

THE CONDITIONS OF THE GLACIAL WATER RESOURCE AND THE WAYS OF ITS EXPLOITATION AND UTILIZATION IN CHINA

Wang Lilun   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1995-09-25 Published:1995-09-25

摘要: 我国是冰川水资源拥有大国之一。本文对我国冰川水资源特性、冰水化学特征及开发利用进行了综合分析论述。指出冰川水资源是以固体水库效应为基础的水资源体系,有必要重新认识冰川的水资源价值,并进一步开展冰川应用基础研究,为合理开发利用和保护冰川水资源提供依据。

关键词: 冰川水资源, 冰水化学, 开发, 利用, 保护

Abstract: China is one of the countries where there is aboundant glacial water resource and glaciers exist in a vast area of mountainous regions. In this paper, a comprehensive discussion is made for the characteristics of glacial water resource,the chemical properties of meltwater and the prospects of the future utilization of this resource in China. It has been found that the glacial water resource is a water resource system based on the effect of a solid water reservoir. Its mineralization is low and it almost does not have any pollution. Particular by the glacial water is a high-quality fresh water resource in the inland arid region. It is necessary to reconfirm the value of this water resource and conduct further studies on the fundamentals of its application in order to rationally exploit,utilize and preserve the glacial water resource.

Key words: glacial water resource, glacier chemistry, exploitation, utilization, preservation