自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 43-50.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.01.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南哀牢山大气降雨过程中养分输入及输出变化的初步研究

甘健民, 薛敬意, 赵恒康   

  1. 中国科学院昆明生态研究所, 昆明 650223
  • 出版日期:1995-03-25 发布日期:1995-03-25
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金;云南省自然科学基金

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON CHANGE OF NUTRIENT IMPORT AND EXPORT IN THE PROCESS OF RAINFALL IN THE AILAOMOUNTAINS REGION OF YUNNAN PROVINCE

Gan Jianmin, Xue Jingyi, Zhao Hengkang   

  1. Kunming Institute of Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1995-03-25 Published:1995-03-25

摘要: 本文以滇西南中山湿性常绿阔叶林为研究对象,分析了大气降雨对该森林生态系统养分输入和输出的影响。结果表明,该地区在大气降雨过程中养分输入:N以大气降雨为主;P、K、Mg以穿透雨为主,它们分别占总输入量的69.85%、77.33%、98.19%和80.40%;Ca养分输入,大气降雨和穿透雨约各占总输入量的一半,分别是45.35%和54.38%。养分输出以地下土壤渗漏为主,N、P、K、Ca、Mg分别占总输出量的96.52%、86.79%、69.13%、98.17%和97.21%。在养分循环中N、P、K、Ca分别增加了15.941kg/ha.a、0.353kg/ha,a、3.83kg/ha.a和1.264kg/ha.a.,而Mg则减少了0.654kg/ha.a。

关键词: 常绿阔叶林, 大气降雨, 养分输入及输出

Abstract: In this paper, the effects of rainfall on nutrient import and export in the broad-leaved evergreen forest in southwest Yunnan Province have been observed. The results show that in the proress of rainfall the nutrient import in rainfall is mainly N and the major elements of nutrient import in throughrain are P,K and Mg. They orcupy 69.85%, 77.33%, 98.19%,and 80.40% of the total nutrient import respectively. Ca occupies about half of the total nutrient import in rainfall and throughrain and the percentages are 45.35% and 54. 38%respectively. The major form of nutrient export is soil percolation. N, P, K, Ca and Mg occupy 96. 52%, 86.79%, 69.13%, 98.17% and 97.21% of the total nutrient export respectively. In nutrient cycle,N, P, K and Ca increase 15. 94kg/ha. a, 0. 353kg/ha. a,3. 83kg/ha. a, 1. 26 kg/ha. a. respectively,but Mg reduces 0. 654 kg/ha. a.

Key words: broad-leaved evergreen forest, rainfall, nutrient import and export