自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 35-42.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.01.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南南涧干热退化山地水分调蓄与植被恢复途径的试验研究

刘文耀, 刘伦辉, 邱学忠, 赵学农   

  1. 中国科学院昆明生态研究所, 昆明 650223
  • 出版日期:1995-03-25 发布日期:1995-03-25

EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON WAYS OF WATER STORAGE AND VEGETAION RESTORATION IN DRY-HOT DEGENERATIVE MOUNTAINOUS AREA IN NANJIAN,YUNNAN

Liu Wenyao, Liu Lunhui, Qiu Xuezhong, Zhao Xuenong   

  1. Kunming Institute of Ecology,Chinese academy of Sciences
  • Online:1995-03-25 Published:1995-03-25

摘要: 在云南南涧后山开展的以生物生态工程为主治理泥石流的研究中,围绕着干热退化山地水分调蓄与植被恢复的问题,我们于1990-1993年期间,从适生物种筛选、整地方式选择、种植技术与管理、生物篱与生物谷坊的结构和组合,以及调蓄水系统建设等方面进行了试验研究,取得了较好的效果,为该地区退化山地生态系统的恢复重建奠定了良好的基础。根据试验结果和治理区的自然生态环境现状,我们认为,以调蓄水系统为核心的综合生物治理措施是干热退化山地生态系统恢复重建中最有效的治理途径之一。

关键词: 退化山地, 水分调蓄, 植被恢复

Abstract: In the years from 1990 to 1993, we carried out the experimental studies of suitable species selection, land preparation mode, planting technique and management,structure and combination of biological hedge and biological check dam as well as reservioring water system construction in the dry-hot degenerative mountainous area in Nanjian,Yunnan. The results showed that regulating and controlling water was the most important problem in the bioecological project for controlling the debris flow. On the basis of the experimental results and the analysis of the environmental conditions, we consider that the comprehensive biological control which takes the water storage system as the key is the most effective way for restoring the ecosystem in the dry-hot degenerative mountainous area.

Key words: degenerative mountainous area, water storage, vegetation restoration