自然资源学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (2): 97-106.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1994.02.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

持续发展与资源对策

李文华   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1994-06-25 发布日期:1994-06-25

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCE STRATEGY FOR NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Li Wenhua   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Narural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1994-06-25 Published:1994-06-25

摘要: 持续发展与资源对策李文华(中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会北京100101)随着人口迅速增长、消费的增加和人类对地球影响的规模空前加大,在人口、资源、环境与经济发展关系上,出现了一系列的、尖锐的矛盾,引起了人们忧虑与不安。1972年在斯...

关键词: Sustainable development, Resource strategy, Biodiversity

Abstract: This paper attempts to give a general review about the background and development of the concept of sustainable development since the United Nation's Conference on Human Environment held in Stokholm in 1992. The main features and principles of sustainable development are summarized. The challenges and opportunities in natural resources management in China are analysed. Based on the principles of sustainable development, in accordance with the concret conditions of China,a strategy for sustainable development of natural resources is presented. This includes to establish a framework of interconnected systems of population,resources, environment and development at the national level; to keep the population in a sustainable level;to develop integrated eco-farming systems in rural areas; to promot technical and energy revolution; and to strenthen training, education, and research. The conservation of biodiversity and vitality of biological resources are recommended. International cooperation and people's participation are also emphasised. It is suggested to establish the information and monitoring systems as well as a decision making management system so as to develop the natural resources on a sustainable bases.

Key words: Sustainable development, Resource strategy, Biodiversity