自然资源学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 58-86.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1994.01.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

晋陕蒙接壤区蔬菜生产的现状及发展对策

张秀刚   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1994-03-25 发布日期:1994-03-25

THE PRESENT SITUATION AND DEVELOPMENTAL COUNTERMEASURES OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN THE CONTIGUOUS AREA OF SHANXI PROVINCE,SHANXI PROVINCE AND INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION(CASPSPIMAR)

Zhang Xiugang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1994-03-25 Published:1994-03-25

摘要: 本文针对晋陕蒙接壤区能源重化工基地建设过程中,蔬菜生产的现状、存在的问题和解决方案等内容展开了深入的讨论。在多次实地考察和大量数据分析的基础上,本文认为,由于恶劣的自然环境条件和落后的种植方式的影响,该地区蔬菜生产的水平很低,无法适应大规模经济开发的需要。分析结果表明,该地区蔬菜生产的薄弱环节是淡季时间长,保护地生产所占比重甚小,专业化生产的程度低。结合作者本人在当地布点试验的成功经验和这一地区的实际情况,本文提出发展该地区蔬菜生产的对策为重点发展经济效益较高的保护地蔬菜的生产,以带动一般大路菜的生产和促进农业种植业的改革。在蔬菜生产基地的布局原则上,本文提出,应以目前的和规划中的重点城市为主要集散地和中心市场,以重点城市和重点工矿区为主要保障供给对象;在技术路线上,提出有重点、分批次和分阶段建设的方针;在组织措施上,提出完善各种市场调节机制,重视和引进科技力量,以及需要政府的有关单位作好扶持和推广工作等等。

关键词: 晋陕蒙接壤区, 蔬菜

Abstract: This article discusses deeply the present situation, existing problems and response plans of vegetable production in the contiguous area of Shanxi province, Shaanxi province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. A new energy and heavy chemical industry base is now under construction in the area.After surveying many times and analysing a large amount of data. this article clucidates that the level of vegetable production at present is too low to suit with the needs of the large-scale economic development in the area because of the effect of the natural environment and the backward farming way, According to the results of analyses, it is found that there are three vulnerable points of vegetable production, namely, the off season is too long, the area of protected production is too small and the degree of professional production is greatly lower than that required.In combination with the author's successful experiments on the spot and the practical conditions of the area,this article sugests that the countermeasure of vegetable production in the area should be to develop the vegetable production on the protected fields where the economic benefit is higher. By doing so. the popular vegetable production can be brought about and the reform of farming and planting. can be encouraged. As to the layout principle of vegetable production bases,the opinion is that making the present and planning key cities be the main core market and gathering-alloting places and taking the key cities and major factor factory-mining districts as the chief objects of supply. In regard to the technical line,this article advances the principle that it is important to have stress,batch order and stages in construction policy,It is necessary for the local government to perfect the market control mechanism,to pay attention to and introduce the science and technology forces,to popularize the advanced experiences,etc.

Key words: the contiguous, Area of Shanxi province, Shaanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, vegetable, economic benefit.