自然资源学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 43-50.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1994.01.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

辽河三角洲的自然资源与区域开发

肖笃宁   

  1. 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所
  • 出版日期:1994-03-25 发布日期:1994-03-25

NATURAL RESOURCES AND REGIONAL EXPLOITATION IN THE LIAOHE RIVER DELTA

Xiao Duning   

  1. Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1994-03-25 Published:1994-03-25

摘要: 辽河三角洲有丰富的地上和地下资源,是农业综合开发和油田建设的重点地区。其区域资源开发以油田、稻田、苇田和虾田开发为核心,在土地利用主要做到全面规划与统筹兼顾;对淡水资源不足的问题要从开源与节流两方面来进行解决;对河口湿地景观生态系统要注意保护,发挥业已建立的自然保护区的功能;对河口湾水产资源更要加强保护与培育。

关键词: 辽河三角洲, 自然资源, 景观生态, 区域开发

Abstract: The Liaohe River Delta is one of the main agricultural bases in Liaoning Province,and the third largest oil field in China. There are aboundant soil resource,aquatic products, and the sceond largest wetland in the world. Oil pumping field,rice fields,reed land and shrimp fielde are the main ways of regional resources exploitation. These have led to many environmental problems and to the changes of landscape ecosystem. So the following aspects must be especially noticed:a. Fully tap the potentialities of resources. The exploitation of agricultural resources must be coherent with that of oil and gas resources underground,The land use must be comprehensively arranged.b. Fresh water is the main limiting factor in intergrated agricultural development in the region. It is very important to modulate water resources by building water engineering ,such as resevoirs,and to use the water─saving measures.c. Conserve the wetland landscape and ecosystem dominated by reed, provide habitats for aquatic creatures and precious water birds, increase. the coverage of green vegetation and improve the primary productivity.d. The protection and breeding of aquatic product resources of the estuary,such as carb(Eriocheir sinensis),should be strenghtened.

Key words: the Liaohe River Delta, natural resources, landscape ecology, regional exploitation