自然资源学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 25-33.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1994.01.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

呼伦贝尔的资源开发与工业发展

周民良   

  1. 中国社会科学院工业经济研究所
  • 出版日期:1994-03-25 发布日期:1994-03-25

THE RESOURCES EXPLOITATION AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN HULUNBOIR

Zhou Min Liang   

  1. Institute of industrial economics,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
  • Online:1994-03-25 Published:1994-03-25

摘要: 通过对呼伦贝尔的考察,我们发现,呼伦贝尔蕴藏着十分丰富的自然资源,这是其推进工业化的良好条件,但由于资源开发利用不当以及各种限制性因素的存在,迄今为止,呼伦贝尔的工业化水平依然很低。在国家沿边开放的总体战略框架下,基于推进呼伦贝尔的资源开发,使其促进工业进一步成长的考虑,文中提出了呼伦贝尔工业发展的战略思想,并认为那种齐头并进开发各种资源的战略和立足于发展高技术实现跳跃发展的战略都不符合呼伦贝尔盟情。据此指出呼伦贝尔在产业发展中应划分出三种主要产业部门:重点产业部门,一般支持性产业部门和限制性产业部门。最后,提出了呼伦贝尔工业发展应注意的6个方面问题。

关键词: 自然资源, 呼伦贝尔, 工业发展战略

Abstract: Hulunboir is a region very rich in natural resources. However,for a long time because of improper exploitation the rich natural resources have not promoted the efficient industrial development or accelerated. The region's industrialization process,since the start of the reform,there again have emerged some new contradictions in the exploitation of resources.Through our analysis we believe that the following industrial strategy should be adopted in Hulunboir: centering on the exploitation of the native resources, sustainablly developing the depth of resources processing and building up the structure of industrial departments with local characteristics.After having analysed the characteristics of the resources and the present situations and trends of industrial development in Hulunboir, we have reclassified its industrial departments and they are divided into three major types: the key industrial department, the general─supported department and the restricted industrial department. The key industrial department mainly includes the energy industry, the food industry, the beverage industry, the forest products processing industry (including paper─making industry,furniture industry, etc.)and the monferrous matallurgical industry, the general─supported department includes leather, textile, chemical products, mechanics,building materials, garments, medicine, electronics, steel─making, plastics, rubber products and feed─processing industries;the restricted industrial department inclndes some high energy consumption and iron─smelting industries.In conclusion the author suggests that during the industrial development we should natice six issues, including the application of industrial policies,the enhancement of the infrastructure construction and the environmental protection etc.

Key words: natural resources, Hulunboir, strategy of industrial development