自然资源学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 340-346.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1993.04.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏尼洋河流域果树资源及其开发途径探讨

任光华1, 赖世登2   

  1. 1. 西藏林芝地区农牧局, 拉萨 850002;
    2. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会, 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:1993-12-25 发布日期:1993-12-25

APPROACH ON THE FRUIT TREE RESOURCES AND ITS EXPLOITATION IN NIYANG RIVER BASIN OF XIZANG AUTONOMOUS REGION

Ren Guanghua1, Lai Shideng2   

  1. 1. The Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Burean of Nyingchi District , Nyingchi , 850400;
    2. Commission for Intergated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101
  • Online:1993-12-25 Published:1993-12-25

摘要: 西藏尼洋河流域果树资源丰富,栽培果树有苹果、梨、桃、李、杏和葡萄等9种和90多个品种;野生果树有7科16属41种,目前利用程度低,开发潜力大。文中提出了该地区果树资源的开发途径,在尼洋河下游和雅鲁藏布江的扎绕乡至派乡之间段的河谷地上形成“Y”字型的水(干)果种植带,建设成为西藏的水(干)果生产基地,并对现有果园改造更新,充分利用野生水果资源,建立果品综合加工厂等以满足西藏市场对水果和果品的需要。

关键词: 西藏, 果树资源, 开发途径

Abstract: The fruit tree resources of Niyang River Basin of Xizang are rich. The artificial fruit trees consist of 9 species and more than 90 varieties,such as apple (Malus pumila),pear(Pyrus) ,peach ( Prunus persica (L. ) Batsch), plum (Prunus spp. ) .apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and grape (Vitis virifera). Wild fruit trees consist of 7 families, 16 genera and 41 species. At present,the utilization of these resources are at a low level. There arc great potentialities for development.This paper gives some ways of utilization of the fruit trees in the area. On the basin between Cirab Commune and Pai Commune of the lower reaches of Niyang River and Yarlungzangbo River,the fresh fruit trees and dried fruit plantation areas in "Y "shape should be developed into a production base of fruits (dried fruits )of Xizang. The existed orchards should be fully utilized and fruit processing factories should be established in order to meet the need of fruits on the market of Xizang.

Key words: Xizang, fruit tree resources, the ways of utilization.