自然资源学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 307-313.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1993.04.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论龙须草的开发价值及在我国的利用现状与展望

王清锋   

  1. 湖北农学院, 江陵 434103
  • 出版日期:1993-12-25 发布日期:1993-12-25

THE EXPLOITATION VALUE OF CHINESE ALPINE RUSH(EULALIOPSIS BIN ATA)AND ITS PRESENT STATE AND PROSPECTS IN CHINA

Wang Qingfeng   

  1. Hubei Agricultural College, Jiangling, Hubei
  • Online:1993-12-25 Published:1993-12-25

摘要: 龙须草(Eulaliopsis binata)是中国、印度等亚洲少数国家特有的野生资源植物,在我国西南山区极富有开发价值。本文从龙须草的经济效益、生态效益、社会效益诸方面详细论述了龙须草在促进山区人民脱贫致富、解决山区剩余劳动力、缓解造纸原料短缺现状、增加纸张品种与品位、治理水土流失、恢复生态平衡等方面的独特作用;分析了我国开发利用龙须草资源的现状,指出“建立全国性生产、供销、科学研究一体化协作组织”、“开展驯化龙须草为栽培作物的系统研究”、“开展国际学术交流”等为当前龙须草开发与应用急需解决的7大课题。

关键词: 龙须草, 西南地区, 资源开发与利用, 造纸原料, 水土保持

Abstract: Chinese alpine rush (Eulaliopsiss binata) is a wild plant resource and only exists in some countries of Asia, such as China and India. It especially deserves to be exploited in the southwest mountainous area of China. In this paper,the important and special roles of this plant in enabling mountainous people's to eliminate poverty and get wealth,finding ways for the surplus labour, mitigatiung the serious shortage of raw materials for manufacturing paper, improving the quality and increasing the varieties of paper in China,and checking soil erosion and restoring the ecological balance are thoroughly discussed under the subjects of Chinese alpine rush's economic, ecological and social effects. The status quo of the exploitation and utilization of this plant in China is also analysed. It is pointed out that" forming a national coordinated organization specifically about producting, selling and the scientific research of Chinese alping rush"," studying systematically how to domesticate Chinese alpine rush into a cultivated cash crop" ,"searching after international academic exchange" and others are the seven problems to which immediate attention should be paid in the present exploitation and utilization of Chinese alpine rush.

Key words: Chinese alpine rush, southwest China, exploitation and utilization of resources,raw material for making paper, soil and water conversation.