自然资源学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 223-228.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1993.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论西藏一江两河地区综合防护林体系建设

廖俊国   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会, 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:1993-09-25 发布日期:1993-09-25

A DISCUSSION ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PROTECTION FOREST SYSTEM IN THE MIDDLE REACHES RIGION OF YALUTSANGPO RIVER,TIBET

Liao Junguo   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Comnittee
  • Online:1993-09-25 Published:1993-09-25

摘要: 本文通过林业建设环境分析、论证,提出一江两河地区综合防护林体系建设的战略构想:在认真保护、科学经营现有森林资源的基础上,以拉萨河、雅鲁藏布江中段、年楚河谷地为主线,重点建设沿江防护林带,构成防护林体系的主要骨架;在河谷农田草场加速防护林网建设,完成防护林体系的网络结构;依土地条件积极营造薪炭林,适当发展用材林和四旁植树(含林卡和经济果树等),完善防护林体系的带网片结,建立起我国高原最大的综合防护林体系,保护好地理环境独特的高寒农业区和“世界第三极”。

关键词: 西藏, 林业建设, 战略构想, 防护林体系

Abstract: The Middle Reaches Rigion of Yalutsangpo River, which is characterized as a little forest resources and low vegetation caverage ecostone, is not only the social-economic and political-culture centers, but also main agricultural zone in Tibet. With population increasing rapidly and concentrating relatively in modern times, the erosion and the desertization were aggravated, the varying degrees losses in the agriculture and animal husbandry and the national economy were caused by grassland degeneration and frequent natural disasters. In view of above-mentioned reasons, development of forestry, especially establishment of protection forest system occupies a strategy place in improving the ecological environment of the unique Qinghai-Tibet Plateau langd-scape and The Middle Reaches Rigion of Yalutsangpo River.The general design of the Protection Forest System in the Rigion as following; under the concept of conservation forestry, the protection forest belt along rivers (Lhasa river, the middle of Yalutrangpo river and Nianchu river) will be established at first,which is the framework of the Protection Forest System; the protection forest network will be achieved on farmland and grassland in valley; the fuelwood -timber forest and the "four sides "forest will be afforested according to various site conditions. The biggest comprehensive protction forest system will be established in the Plateau for protecting the unique high-cold agricultural zone and "the third pole over the world".

Key words: Tibet, forestry development, strategy concption, protection forest system