自然资源学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 193-203.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1993.03.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

近百年中国亚热带地区农业气候带界限动态变化及其对农业生产的影响

杨柏, 李世奎, 霍治国   

  1. 中国气象科学研究院, 北京 100081
  • 出版日期:1993-09-25 发布日期:1993-09-25
  • 基金资助:

    “我国生存环境历史演变规律的研究”课题

A STUDY ON THE DYNAMIC VARIATION OF THE BOUNDARIES BETWEEN AGROCLIMATIC ZONES AND ITS INFLUENCE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE SUBTROPICAL REGION OF CHINA IN THE LAST HUNDRED YEARS

Yang Bai, Li Shikui, Huo Zhiguo   

  1. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science
  • Online:1993-09-25 Published:1993-09-25

摘要: 本文利用我国东部亚热带地区315个站点的资料,采用农业气候带分界指标,分析了北亚热带北界、中亚热带北界、南亚热带北界3个界限近百年的动态变化以及农业气候带界限波动变化对农业生产的影响。

关键词: 农业气候带界限, 动态变化, 农业生产

Abstract: In this paper, the dynamic variation of the norhtern boundaries of the North-, Middle-and South-subtropical zones and its influence on agricultural production in the subtropical region of China in the last hundred years are studied by analyzing the climatic data of 315 meteorological stations. The main results show:(1)The northern transitional zone of the South-Subtropical Zone is narrower than those of the others. The northern transitional zone of the North-Subtropical Zone in the plain is about 1. 5 degrees of latitude on the average and is wider than that in the mountainous areas. The width of the transitional zone between the North-and Middle-Subtropical Zone in the Poyang and Dongting Lakes plain is about 1. 5 to 3 degrees of latitude, while in other parts it is much narrower.(2)The range in which the line of demarcation swings in different periods is narrower for the northern boundary of the South-Subtropical Zone and wider for those of the others. For the northern boundaries of the North-and Mid-Subtropical Zones, the swing range is wider in the plain than in the mountainous areas. In the plain, for the northern boundary of the North-Subtropical Zone, the distance between the lines of demarcation in the coolest and warmest periods is 1. 5 degrees of latitude on the average. In the Poyang and Dongting Lakes plain, for the Northern boundary of the Mid-Subtropical Zone, it is 2 degrees of latitude on the average.(3)In the last hundred years, the variation of agroclimatic zone may cause the northern boundary of the double cropping rice to swing about 1 degree of latitude at most, and the swing is close to 1 degree of latitude for the suitable and probable planting regions of orange.

Key words: boundries of agroclimatic zones, dynamic variation agricultural, production influence