自然资源学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (2): 97-104.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1993.02.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

珠穆朗玛峰自然保护区的初步评价

李渤生   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所, 北京 100044
  • 出版日期:1993-06-25 发布日期:1993-06-25
  • 基金资助:

    珠穆朗玛峰自然保护区科研成果之一

A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE MOUNT QOMOLANGMA NATURE RESERVE

Li Bosheng   

  1. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1993-06-25 Published:1993-06-25

摘要: 对珠穆朗玛峰自然保护区的综合评价表明:珠峰自然保护区具有藏南高原和中喜马拉雅山地两大自然地理单元的地域特征,同时还含有代表上述地域特色的多种国家重点保护的珍稀、濒危动、植物种类,该保护区具很强的自然性,颇赋感染力;区内生态系统脆弱,急需进行保护;保护区地域辽阔,生物多样性强、具有很高的科研潜力。根据上述特征,珠峰自然保护区属综合型自然保护区(生态系统保护区),其级别应列为国家级。同时,珠峰自然保护区亦符合联合国教科文组织人与生物圈计划的生物圈保护区和联合国世界遗地的要求,所以可以申请加入生物圈保护区网和申请列为世界遗产地。

关键词: 珠穆朗玛峰, 自然保护区, 生物多样性

Abstract: Nature reserve is a genral concept. Due to different localities and different natural features, there are different objectives and pretection purposes. Each nature reserve will be managed according to certain classification and grade. Obviously, before a nature reserve is chosen and its classification and grade, scientific evaluation for the protection area must be made.The mount Qomolangma Nature Reserve is located in Tibet Autonomous Region of Southwestern China. Its location is approximately between latitudes 27°48'--29°19' N and longitutes 84°27'-88°00'E. The whole area is approximately 33910km2. About 12000 families live in the Reserve with a total population of 67 000 Tibetan people. Administratively the Reserve belongs to the Shigatse Administration's Dingri, Jilong, Nielamu, Dingjie and Saga Counties.The reserve not only has the special regional characteristics of the natural geological units of the south Tibet Plateau and the central Himalaya montane System. At the same time, it also has many rare and endangered wildlife and botanical species that are on the nation's protection list. The Reserve still keeps its naturalness and is very attractive. The ecosystem of the Reserve is very fragile It is in need of protection. The area is so large and diverse that it has tremendous potential for scientific research. According to the above-mentioned reasons, the Mount Qomolangma Nature Reserve should belong to the multidisciplinary type (or the ecological system protection area) and should be classified as a national-level nature reserve.

Key words: mount Qomolangma, nature reserve, biological diversity