自然资源学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (2): 180-188.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1992.02.010

• 学报动态 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论立体农业

范明   

  1. 中国农学会
  • 出版日期:1992-06-25 发布日期:1992-06-25

ON THE COMPREHENSIVE MULTI-STOREY AND- DIMENSION AGRICULTURE

Fan ming   

  1. Chinese Association of Agricultural Science Societies
  • Online:1992-06-25 Published:1992-06-25

摘要: 立体农业比平面农业大大扩展了土地、光能、水源、热量等自然资源的利用层次,它是传统农业技术与现代技术相结合的产物。当前,在我国人口与资源矛盾的困扰下,开发立体农业可以合理配置自然资源和人类生产技能,巧妙地利用空间和时间,较大幅度提高单位面积的物质产量,缓解人地矛盾和食物供需矛盾,还可以大量吸收农村富裕的劳力资源,增加劳动积累。立体农业不仅是现阶段我国农业技术改造的有益尝试,而且是中国式的现代集约农业的途径之一。本文正是根据这一独特作用,系统地论述了立体农业的概念、特点、研究内容及增产原理,并重点分析了几大类应用模式和存在问题,提出了进一步发展的宏观对策。

关键词: 资源潜力, 立体农业, 农业技术改造

Abstract: Comprehensive Multi-storey and -dimension agriculture (CMSDA) causes greater expansion of resource utilization such as land, light, water and heat than traditional agriculture. It is the result of combining traditional and modern technology in agriculture. Developing CMSDA can rationally utilize natural resources and the human production skill, cleverly use space and time, largely raise per unit area yield, alleviate the fight between man and land, employ the rich labour resources, and increase funds accumulation. Now CMSDA is not only a beneficial trial for agrcultural technical reformation but also one of ways for modern intensive agriculture in China. This paper discusses the concept, characteristics, research contents and effects of CMSDA, and especially analyse several applicable models and faced problems, and gives countermeasures of development.

Key words: resource potentiality, CMSDA, agricultural technical reformation