自然资源学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (1): 91-96.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1992.01.011

• 论文 • 上一篇    

中岳嵩山植物资源的初步研究

叶永忠   

  1. 河南农业大学
  • 出版日期:1992-03-25 发布日期:1992-03-25

A PREL IMINARY STUDY OF PLANT RESOURCES IN THE SHONGSHAN MOUNTAINS IN HENAN PROVINCE

Ye Yongzhong   

  1. Henan Agricultural University
  • Online:1992-03-25 Published:1992-03-25

摘要: 嵩山是著名的旅游区,国家的第二个森林公园。篙山共有维管束植物147科,633属,1411种(包括变种)。根据植物资源的特点划分为11大类。其中用材植物338种,果树资源89种,观赏植物资源316种,淀粉植物资源94种,油料植物资源153种,纤维植物资源147种,药用植物资源 1046种,牧草饲料资源植物 303种,芳香油植物资源 71 种,鞣料染料植物资源149种。针对嵩山的具体特点,提出了合理开发利用、发展保护嵩山植物资源的建议:(1)保护古木、珍稀植物和自然环境。(2)充分利用本地的优势植物资源,增加经济效益。(3)大力营造乡土树种,保护森林公园的植被景观。(4)就近引种观赏植物,美化旅游景点。(5)积极开展森林公园的科学研究和科学普及工作。

关键词: 植物资源, 中岳篙山, 河南

Abstract: Shongshan Mountains are the famous tourist landscape, the second national forest park of China. Based on the in vestigation for several years, the statistical ma terial shows that there are 147 families, 633 genera and 1411 species (included va-rity) in Shongshan Mountains. The author studied and analysed the floristic element. According to the resource characteristics, the plant resources can be classified into 11 kinds.Among them, there are commercial plant 338 species, fruit plant 89 species, ornament plant 316 species, starch plant 94 species, oil-bearing plant 153 species, fibre plant 147 species, medicinal plant 1046 species, forage grass plant 303 species, fragrant oil plant 71 species, tanning material and dvestuff plant 149 spe-cies, poisonous plant 44 species.According to the characteristics of Shongshan Mountains, we make several suggestions about how to develope utilize and protect plant resources:1.To protect ancient plant, rare plant and natural landscape.2.To make full use of dominant plant resources, raise economic benefits.3.To devote major efforts to developing native land plant, protect vegetation lanscape, promote the positive succession of plant community and the fine cycles of the ecosystem.4.To introduce ornament plant in the neighbourhood, beautify the environment of tourist landscape.5.To develope the scientific study and scientific popularization of the forest park.

Key words: plant resources, Shongshan Mountains, Henan