自然资源学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (1): 10-17.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1992.01.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国水资源管理的一些问题

张天曾   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1992-03-25 发布日期:1992-03-25

PROBLEMS OF CHINA'S WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Zhang Tianzeng   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission
  • Online:1992-03-25 Published:1992-03-25

摘要: 广义的水资源管理应当包括水资源的评价和规划、开发利用、治理和保护等。目前中国水资源管理亟待解决的主要问题是:(1)水法的不断完善和切实执行;(2)强化管理机构;(3)制定可行的水资源规划;(4)建立合理的水资源价格体系;(5)全面评价水资源开发效益;(6)调整水资源开发的投资政策。

关键词: 水资源管理, 水法, 水资源规划, 水资源的价值观, 水资源开发效益

Abstract: The water resource management, in the broad sense, involves its assessment, planning, development and utilization as well as its management and protection, etc. Currently the pressing problems about water resource management to be solved are presented as follows: 1. improvement and implementation of water resource laws; 2. reinforcement of management institutions; 3. establishment of feasible plan for water resource; 4. establishment of reasonable price system of water resource; 5. integrated assessment of the benefit of water resource development; and 6. adjustment of the investment policy of water resource exploitation.

Key words: water resource management, water law, water resource planning, value outlook of water resource, benefit of water resource development.