自然资源学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (4): 326-334.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1991.04.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

横断山区干旱河谷土地合理开发

李明森   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1991-12-25 发布日期:1991-12-25

RATIONAL LAND EXPLOITATION OF DRY VALLEYS IN THE HENDUAN MOUNTAINS REGION

Li Mingsen   

  1. Commission for Integrated, Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciencs
  • Online:1991-12-25 Published:1991-12-25

摘要: 横断山区干旱河谷热量丰富、降水偏少,农事旱象较著,但拥有众多宜农、宜林土地资源,尤宜生长亚热带与温带经济林果。目前,不合理耕樵坡地,已有严重水土流失,土地趋退化,河谷生态不稳定,经济生态效益不良。发展灌溉,提高集约耕种水平和逐步退耕陡坡地,扩大经济林果用地及保护与改造谷地现状植被等是提高当地人民生活水平、改善与保护干旱河谷以至整个横断山区生态环境的重要措施与战略治理方针。

关键词: 横断山区, 干旱河谷, 土地适宜性, 生态环境

Abstract: The dry valleys, where the annaul mean arridity is 1.3-5.0, and the ecological environment is very unique, intermittently distribute in the valleys of the Jinshajiang, Lanrhangjiang and Nujiang Rivers of the Hengduan mountai is region. Their total length is about 4400 km and their total area is 11000 km', approximately 2.6% of total area of the Hengduan mountain region. According to the difference in thermal conditions from south to north, they can be divided into 4 types, i.e., the hot dry valley, the warm dry valley, the temperate dry valley and the cool dry valley.The various suitability and high poten'ial productivity of the land resources cause these dry valleys to become areas of dense population and prosperous agriculture in the Hengduan mountains region. But, owing to less land resources suitable for cultivation, obvious soil erosion or land deterioration resulted from unreasonable cultivation and deforestation on slopes, the area of the dry valley is expanded day by day. This threatens the ecological balance of the whole Hengduan mountains region and brings about the intensification of the contradjctions among population, resources and environment. So in short and longer terms, the important management principles and effective measures for improving the ecological environment of the farmland in the dry valley and stabilizing the ecological balance of the Hengduan mountains region are (1) to rationally use and protect the various land resources, (2) to withdraw gradually the cultivated farmland from iteep slopes and expand the area of cash plants on the basis of the development of irrigation, the enhancement of the level of intensive cultivation and the increase in the production of grain, and (3) to protect and improve the vegetation cover of the dry valleys.

Key words: the Hengduan mountains region, dry valley, land suitability, ecological nvironrnent