自然资源学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (4): 293-302.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1991.04.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国热带季风区的“林-胶-茶生态模式”

詹行滋   

  1. 海南省国营南海农场
  • 出版日期:1991-12-25 发布日期:1991-12-25

THE "TREES-RUBBER -TEA" ECOLOGICAL MODEL IN THE CHINESE TROPICAL MONSOON REGION

Zhan Xingzi   

  1. National Nanhai Farm, Hainan Province
  • Online:1991-12-25 Published:1991-12-25

摘要: 本文是南海农场建设林胶茶模式16年总结。本场位于海南岛东北部重风害的草原台地。1958年建场,原以油棕为主,1975年改变方针,建林胶茶模式。经16年实践,显示出其优势和效益。比胶茶纯作提高经济效益40—200%和土地利用率50%以上,解决了劳动就业问题,改善了环境。其模式是我国热带地区减灾稳产,合理利用自然资源的一种有效模式。

关键词: 海南岛, 自然资源, 林胶茶模式, 经济效益, 生态效益

Abstract: This paper is a summing-up of building the "trees-rubber-tea" ecological model in the National Nanhai Farm, Hainan province, in recent 16 years. The farm founded in 1958 is located in the wildness of the strong-wind region of northeastern Hainan island. Primarily the oil palms were grown, and then, by 1975, the "trees-rubber-tea" ecological model was introduced as a result of the reform of the production policy. After 16 years practice, this model shows great superiority and benefits. The benefits include improving the environment, increasing the economic benefit about 40%-200%, raising the land use rate above 50%, solving the problem of employment, and so on. This model is obviously an efficient way to reduce disasters, stabilize production, and rationally utilize the natural resources in the Chinese tropical monsoon region.

Key words: Hainan island, natural reesources, the "trees-rubber-tea", ecological model, economic benefit, ecological benefit