自然资源学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (3): 206-210.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.03.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国南疆荒漠喀什-和田地区的畜牧业特点与发展战略

沈长江   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1990-09-25 发布日期:1990-09-25

FEATURES AND DEVELOPMENTAL STRATEGIES OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN THE KASHI-HOTAN REGION OF SOUTHERN XINJIANG'S DESERT

Shen Changjiang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1990-09-25 Published:1990-09-25

摘要: 作者在对该地区进行实地考察的基础上,研究了位于新疆南部荒漠最西部两个地区的自然环境和经济条件后,指出该地区畜牧业的 4个基本特点,概括了该地区畜牧业与生态环境以及牧业生产条件之间的关系。地处内陆,极端干旱,周围高山环绕,绿洲经济与绿洲农业发达,对该地区畜牧业的现状与发展有深刻影响。从而作者提出了该地区发展畜牧业的方向与战略。指出今后应以发展集约化的平原绿洲畜牧业为主体。改革饲养方式,加强饲料生产,提高畜群生产水平,近期商品性生产的发展要与自给性生产的发展相结合。使我国这一特殊类型地区的畜牧业得以顺利发展。

关键词: 极端干旱, 荒漠, 绿洲畜牧业, 集约化, 饲养方式

Abstract: The Kashi-Hotan region is an extremely arid area located in the southern part of Xinjiang, the westernmost territory of China. On the basis of the survey and investigation of the animal husbandry and it's ecological conditions, including the social-economic situation, the author points out four features of animal husbandry in this particular geographical region, and outlines the relation between the animal production and the ecological environment. This region is an inland area. The climate here is very dry. It is surrounded by high mountains. The oasisfarm-ing is well developed. All there have important influences on the local production. Then, the author puts forward five oppinions and suggestions about the strategy for the development of animal husbandry in this region: (1) Develop the intensive oasis animal husbandry as the main business. (2) Reform the feeding and management system. (3) Strengthen the feedstuff production, especially the forage crops and the feedstuff industry. (4) Improve the livestock with attention to their adaptation to local environment. (5) Combine the recent commercial production with the self-supporting production.

Key words: extreme drought, desert, oasis animal husbandry, intensive management, feeding system