自然资源学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 149-155.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1990.02.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试探黄河近代三角洲的优势、问题及对策

李荣生   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1990-06-25 发布日期:1990-06-25

PRIMARY STUDY ON THE SUPERIORITIES, PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF THE RECENT DEPOSITED DELTA OF THE YELLOW RIVER

Li Rongsheng   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1990-06-25 Published:1990-06-25

摘要: 黄河近代三角洲拥有丰富的天然油气资源、土地资源、生物资源和水资源、并具有建深水港条件,但由于黄河尾闾流路多变,油、气资源发现较晚,生态环境脆弱和文化教育程度低等原因,长期以来,国民经济发展规模、速度和水平远不及长江和珠江两个三角洲。为振兴三角洲经济、开发富饶资源,其对策是:稳定黄河尾闾流路,加速黄河海港建设,大力发展以石油和农产品为中心的工业生产,狠抓中低产田改造,建设农牧渔业基地,保护自然环境,建立良性循环的生态系统。

关键词: 黄河尾闾流路, 黄河海港, 黄河近代三角洲

Abstract: There are abundant natural oil and gas resource, land resource, biological resource and water resource in the modern delta of the Yellow River. And the delta also has conditions for constructing deep water ports. But the scale, level and speed of economic development in this area are far inferior to those in the Yangtze River and the Pearl River deltas because of the frequently changing water course in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, late discovery of natural oil and gas resource, delicate ecologic environment, and poor culture and education. In order to exploit the rich natural resources and promote econonic development in the Delta, four countermeasures have been put forward in this paper: stabilize the water in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and speed up the construction of the deep water ports, develop industry focusing on the oil production and agricultural products processing, devote major efforts to improving the middleand low-yield fields and coustructing the bases of farming, animal husbandry and fishery, protect the natural environment and build a fine-circulation ecosystem.

Key words: water course in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, deep water port, modern delta of the Yellow River