自然资源学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (2): 158-168.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1989.02.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

宁夏盐池县社会经济与环境协调发展的策略分析

张晓川, 车文弢   

  1. 交通部环境监测总站
  • 出版日期:1989-06-25 发布日期:1989-06-25

A STRATEGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE COORDINATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIAL-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEM IN YANCHI COUNTY,NINGXIA HUI AUTONOMOUS REGION

Zhang Xiaochuan, Che Wentao   

  1. Environment Monitoring Center, Ministry of Communications
  • Online:1989-06-25 Published:1989-06-25

摘要: 本文通过分析宁夏盐池县的自然条件、自然资源以及社会经济发展与环境的关系,应用权图影响结构模型对该县社会经济与环境系统进行了定量的分析与研究。建立了7个模型,并通过预测、比较实施不同发展策略后各模型的系统状态,找出了使系统优化运行的灵敏调控点,分析了各分项调整策略之间相互制约、相互促进的关系,提出了使该县社会经济与环境协调发展的策略。

关键词: 土地沙化, 恶性循环, 权图影响结构模型, 系统协调优化

Abstract: In this study, the natural conditions and natural resources of Yanchi County, NingXia Hui autonomous Region and the relation between the social-economic development and environment have been analyzed. With the application of weighted digraph and pulse processes, the author has studied this county's social-economic and environmental system quantitatively. By forcasting and comparing the states and behaviour of the system after it has empted a variety of development strategies, the author suggests some measures and development strategies for the coordinative development and optimum Tuning of the system.In accordance with native conditions and circumstances, seven models are established. Model 1 is built according to the traditional development pattern. ?The results of the predictions show that the traditional development pattern not only deteriorates the social-economic status of the county steadily, but also destroys the natural environment seriously due to desertification. To counter the factors which lead to noxious cycle of the system, the author takes several relevant improvement measures and adjusts development strategies for improving the state of the system.In order to find out the sensitive adjusting and controlling factors so as to optimize the whole system and coordinate the development, the author adjusts different development strategies from the viewpoints of population, animal husbandry, farming, forestry, rural living energy, sideline, and build models 2-6. By comparing the results of the predictions of the five models, on one hand the sensitive adjusting and controlling factor, namely mal hasbandry, is obtained and on the other hand the interacting and promoting relation among different adjusting strategies is analyzed. Thereafter, model 7 is built for the optimum running of the whole system.The conclusions of this paper show that weighed digraph and pulse processes are suitable tool for modelling complex systems like social-economic and environmental system. The adjusting and controlling strategies given by this paper are constructive for the coordinative development of social-economic and environmental system in Yanchi county.

Key words: desertification, noxious cycle, weighted digraph and pulse processes, coordination and optimization of system.