自然资源学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 238-249.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1988.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

闽南地区自然资源开发利用初探

姚士谋, 刘振东, 韩敏, 张云   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-09-25 发布日期:1988-09-25

A STUDY ON THE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN SOUTHERN FUJIAN PROVINCE

Yao Shimou, Liu Zhendang, Han Ming, Zhang yun   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Chinese Academia of Sinica
  • Online:1988-09-25 Published:1988-09-25

摘要: 福建省闽南地区处于南亚热带,为全省纬度最低的一个区。本区自然资源丰富,气候条件优越,是我国东南沿海自然资源尚需深度开发的区域。本区资源开发利用过程中,存在着水土流失严重、生态环境日趋恶化的状况。为了探索本区自然资源的合理利用途径,通过近两年来的调查研究,我们提出了四方面的合理利用途径,对于闽南经济开放区的国土整治和资源开发,具有十分重要的意义。

关键词: 资源综合开发, 适度开发, 合理整治, 闽南金三角

Abstract: The Southern part of Fujian Province, situated in the south sub-tropical zone of China with rich and varied natural resources, is a valuable-land in Fujian. It has an important strategic position facing to Taiwan province, and near to Hongkong and Macao. In the golden triangular area of South Fujian, there are three cities and 19 counties, which cover an area of 25,000 Sq. Km, with a population of over ten millions. The physical environment is-quite varied and human activities add to the complexity in delta. This region is known popularly as an overseas Chinese native land and treasured place for industrial and agricultural production in addition to the fine climate conditions and the rich natural resources.Exploit natural resources and cultivated lang have a long history. Nevertheless, due to the unreasonable expolitation in the past, there exist the soil erosion, soil and water loss, environmental degradation and damage of landscape. This paper is trying to define a way of development in the South Fujian from four aspect:1. Adjusting agricultural structure and rationally using physical resources are an important way to increase land productivity.2. It is an important subject to control the soil and water loss, appositely to exploit natural resources, and protect environment in South Fujian.3. Rationally using the shoal and point bar, develop fishery and protect aquatic resources.4. According to local conditions, emphasis should be laid on the combination of land utilization and conservation, the preservation of land productivity to make the ecological environment better, and take care of land function, land productivity and land suitability.

Key words: resources synthetic development, suitability development, Rationally management, Golden triangular area of South Fujian