自然资源学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 121-129.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1988.02.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论海南岛经济开发战略构想

温长恩   

  1. 广州地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-06-25 发布日期:1988-06-25

ON STRATEGIC CONCEPTION OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN HAINAN LSLAND

Wen Changen   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography
  • Online:1988-06-25 Published:1988-06-25

摘要: 海南岛是我国最大的热带宝岛,自然资源丰富,天时地利优势突出,经济开发潜力大,在我国国民经济建设中具有特殊的战略地位。海南岛地处我国开放前哨,应充分利用世界经济中心转移亚太地区的有利形势,发展同外部世界的经济联系,进一步发挥内地的后盾和依托作用。明确经济开发的战略目标,研究对策和措施,加强宏观控制。严格控制人口增长,重视人才培养。设立省级体制。调整产业结构,加强基础建设。引进先进技术。改善交通和通讯。大力开发农业资源、矿产资源和能源。实行比特区更特殊的政策,海南岛的战略蓝图必将实现。

关键词: 地区优势, 经济开发潜力, 产业结构

Abstract: Hainan Island is the largest island of tropical zone in our country. It has plenty of natural resources, good geographic position and great potentialities of economic development. It has also a special strategic significence in the developing of national construction.Because Hainan Lsland is situated in the open front line of China and the world economic centre is now transfering to Asia-Pacific area, we ought to fully utilize these favourable conditions and develop economic relations with countries of the world and further expand the backing role of the mainland.The strategic aims of economic development in Hainan Island are as follows; 1. to make Hainan Island into a synthetic open area, in which trade, industry agriculture are integrated and banking, toursim, service etc are managed simultaneously. 2. a new island with reasonal-ble industrial structure, advanced science and technology, well-off life and high level of material civilization and mental civilization. 3, to work out plans such as strengthening macrocosm research, controling population, developing industry and agriculture, selecting talent people and setting up provincial level administrative body. 4. to take measures to make adjustment promote open and development, regulate industrial structure, introduce foreign capital and ally with mainland positive factors, strengthen capital construction and pay more attention to intelligence invest and scientific research. 5. to abopt more favourable policies in order to encourage the investors of mainland and foreign countries to set ap factories on Haitian Island. 6. to develop tropical crops, tropical forestry, cultivating, tropical product processing, tourism, energy resources and mineral resources. 7. to improve transport and communication conditions and set up different types of factories.There is a vast prospect of economic development on Hainan Island. As long as we insist on long-term open policy, well absorb the strong points of mainland and abroad to make Hainan Island become one of the important bases to realize the vigorous economic development of our country in the end of the century and a pioneer to make our country go into the advanced ranks of the world in the next century.

Key words: regional superiority, potentiality of economical exploit, industrial structure