自然资源学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (4): 302-309.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1987.04.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业自然资源经济研究的重点

那文俊   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1987-12-25 发布日期:1987-12-25

THE EMPHASIS OF RESEARCH OF AGRICULTURAL NATURAL RESOURCES ECONOMICS

Na Wenjun   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1987-12-25 Published:1987-12-25

摘要: 农业自然资源经济研究的内容相当广泛,在农业生产领域中,这类研究课题可以说是俯拾皆是。但其重点则是科学地剖析和论证农业自然资源开发利用的合理性,指出取得最佳开发利用效益的必经之路和应该采取的关键性措施,以推动和促进农业生产的发展。为能达此目的,首先必须弄清楚农业自然资源的基本概念及其与开发利用有关的主要特性,然后才能在此基础上,结合社会发展到一定阶段的技术经济条件,综合地、系统地分析研究农业自然资源开发利用的有效途径和主要措施。现仅就此谈谈个人看法。

关键词: 农业自然资源, 开发利用, 农业生产, 经济研究, 生态环境, 经济效益, 利用性能, 利用效益, 永续利用, 地区差异

Abstract: Only by coordinating closely the rational distribution of agriculture, improved resources foundation, and sufficient energy input and advanced technology, and by supplementing one other, can these factors be brought into full play. These factors are very different in areas and historical periods. Since China is a country with a vast territory and regional differences are very obvious, not only natural resources but also social economics and technology are different in areas. So, we have to suit measures 10 local conditions considering these measures and ways as a whole interdependent and interactive relation. When these relations are concretely and clearly proved, and shown how they can be interdependent and can promote each other, the researchers of agricultural natural resources economics can well be qualified to show that they bring their role into full play in retional exploitation and utilization of the agricultural natural resources.