自然资源学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 153-160.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1987.02.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

贵州天然草地资源的自然特征和评价

苏大学   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1987-06-25 发布日期:1987-06-25

CHARACTERISTICS OF NATURAL GRASSLANDS IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE AND IT'S EVALUATION

Su Daxue   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1987-06-25 Published:1987-06-25

摘要: 贵州天然草地是我国南方草地资源的重要组成部分。本文通过1984年对贵州省84个县的草地调查和1331个草地调查样地的分析研究,阐述了贵州草地的次生性和不稳定性、草地分布规律、草地植被和草地类型的特点,进而对贵州草地的生产力和开发利用进行了评价。

关键词: 天然草地, 贵州, 自然特征, 山地草甸, 优势种, 草地群落, 草地资源, 优良牧草, 北方草地, 南亚热带

Abstract: Studing natural grasslands of 84 counties in Guizhou Province and analysing 1331 quadrate samples, this paper explains that they are the grasslands with secondary characteristics, most of them are unstable, situated in the succession from grasses to bush to forest, besides, there are also relatively stable alpine meadows and bush-grasslands with plagioclimax.The grasslands in Guizhou Province are mainly scattered patchily among the woodlands and agricultural fields. Large area of these grasslands are located on the middle-mountain areas and plateaus with the elevation above 1000 m, these places are characterized with small population, long distance from settlements and difficulty of accessibility. The grasslands often stretch contineously as a belt on the ridges and tops of the middle-mountains.The total coverage of the grasslands in Guizhou, is about 80-85%. The thickness of the grass layer is about 60-70 cm, and the yeild of the fresh grasses is about 6,000-9,000 kg/ha. The growing times of green grass is about 240-300 daysannually. There are 96% of grasslands can be used for cutting for making hays. The grasslands in Guizhou abound with variant plants, mainly winter-green or evergreen grasses. The alpine meadows have relatively high value for animal husbandary. Most of them are suitable to exploitation with advantage ous. condition.The quality of the grasslands in Guizhou is poor, 76.5% of them are deficient in legumes, which occupy only 0.96% of the total grasses by weight, they are the grasses with low content of protien. There are about 40% of these grasslands with thin soils depth less than 30 cm, and there are about 50% of the grasslands with slopes more than 25%, about 74.8% with bare rocks or stones and 25% are suffered from soil erosion. The durability for grazing is poor. All of these, to some extent, are the limitation of their exploitation.