自然资源学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (2): 87-96.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1986.02.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    

我国南方地区自然资源现状及其对策初探

李昌华   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1986-12-25 发布日期:1986-12-25

A TENTATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE PRESENT SITUATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE SOUTHERN REGION OF CHINA AND THE COUNTERMEASURE

Li Changhua   

  1. Commission ior Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Acadamy of Sciences
  • Online:1986-12-25 Published:1986-12-25

摘要: 为了很好地开发、利用、保护我国南方山地丘陵地区,如何评价和认识这一地区的自然资源和生产潜力状况是一个极为重要的问题。到目前为止,比较普遍的认识是,这个地区水热条件优越,自然资源丰富。但是我们认为这一认识不够全面,应该更具体地加以探讨和分析。 就我们的理解,所谓“资源”,并非是纯自然科学的研究对象,而是一个渗透有经济学因素的概念,因为一般词典中的解释是“资财的来源”,或者是“生产资料和生活资料的天然来源”。因此在评价一个地区的自然资源状况时,就不应只单纯考虑其自然条件和自然

关键词: 我国南方, 发达国, 资源优势, 加工工业, 南方地区, 资源现状, 自然资源, 集约经营, 开发利用, 土地面积

Abstract: The southern region of China covers Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Rujian, and Jiangxi Provinces, as well as Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi. It is a densely populated area, and the agricultural population makes up 82-89 % of the total population there. The average values per capita for the year 1981 are 0.07 ha for cultivated land, 348kg for grain, about 0.3 ha for arable mountainous -hilly land, 0.11 ha for forest, and 6.75 m3; for timber. The sources of energy, such as petroleum and coal are seriously short. Therefore, in terms of a verge value per capita, natural resources are considerably deficient there. ..In order to reduce the population pressure, the major ways to deal with the situation ought to: (1) vigorously develop, utilize and protect the present natural resonrces; (2) develop the processing industry, export the products, and raise the living standards of the people. In order to attain these goals, a correct policy is most important.