自然资源学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (2): 46-53.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1986.02.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

现代水文学发展的新阶段——水资源水文学

陈家琦   

  1. 水利水电科学研究院
  • 出版日期:1986-12-25 发布日期:1986-12-25

THE NEW STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROLOGY——WATER RESOURCES HYDROLOGY

Chen Jiaqi   

  1. Rescarch Institute of Watet Conservancy and Hydroelectric Pouer,Beijing
  • Online:1986-12-25 Published:1986-12-25

摘要: 1974年联合国教科文组织在巴黎举行了“科学水文300年”的纪念活动,其根据就是法国人佩劳特(P.Perrault)在塞纳河的一个支流流域上进行了水循环要素的观测活动,并于1974年发表了“泉之源(De l'origine des fontaines,Paris,Pierre le Petit)”论文,并把这一年作为科学水文的开始。然而,水循环的概念早在公元前就为我国以及古希腊、古罗马的学者阐述过。公元前239年《吕氏春秋》“圜道”篇云:云气西行云云然,冬夏不辍;水泉东流,日夜不休;上不竭,下不满,小为大,重为轻,圜道也。”这是最早提出的比较完整

关键词: 水资源评价, 地理水文学, 文学发展, 工程水文学, 新阶段, 水资源系统, 侧支循环, 现代水, 水文科学, 水资源开发

Abstract: Hydrology is derived from Geography as its branch and mainly studies the hydrological regimes of water bodies on land of the Earth. The establishment of water balance and circulation of water conceptions of is a significant progress in the formation of hydrology. The rising of hydraulic engineering demands hydrology to make not only the modifications, hut also the quantitative analysis and calculation of the hydrological phenomena. The Engineering Hydrology rose at the historical moment, then developed rapidly and occupies a principal position in hydrology, rersulting in the advance of hydrometric techniques. The Engineering Hydrology is the subject of technical sciences, and together with the Geographical Hydrology, enrichs the content of hydrological sciences. Consequently, the social develoment spurs the increase of water demands and the exploitation and utilization of water resources in a large scale, and the connotation of hydrological work for rational management and use of water resources, as well as for the safe and economic operation of water resources projects should adapt to this fact. The breakthrough of modern techniques promotes the hydrology to a new Stage, the stage of Wa ter Resources Hydrology. This stage is characterized by dealing with the necessity for water resources system analysis and rational management. The hydrology involves not only the problems of natural sciences and technical sciences, but also those of the, social Sciences. In this paper the characteristics of Water Resources Hydrology and the features of this new stage are discussed. The recent tendency of intermational hydrological scientific activities can prove this transformation evidently.