自然资源学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (1): 79-86.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1986.01.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

家畜生态学及其在我国的发展——兼论对农牧业资源开发利用的意义

沈长江   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会 中国家畜生态研究会
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25

LIVESTOCK ECOLOGY AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA

Shen Changjiang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Society of Livestock Ecology
  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 一 生态学是关于生物系统与环境系统相互关系的科学。家畜生态学则是研究家养畜禽与环境系统相互关系的科学。它既是畜牧业生产的基础理论之一,又是当代新兴应用学科的一个分支。因此无论在科学理论的学科体系上或是在生产实践的作用上,都是十分重要的。

关键词: 家畜生态学, 资源开发利用, 资源利用, 环境因子, 畜牧业生产, 农牧业, 限制因子, 生产实践, 生态规律, 生态研究

Abstract: The significance and principal fundamentals of livestock ecology, a new scientific branch in animal science and Ecological science, are discussed in this paper. This new scientific branchisconsidered as a necessary tool and theory for the utilization of natural resources, especially of the biological resources, as well as for animal production, i. e., an ecological way for increasing the productivity of farm animals. The author describes the main rules and principles of this new scientific branch Finally, a brief history of Livestock Ecology in China is summarized, and particular emphasis is laib on the progress of the recent years. The author has also enumerateb three main view points of the development of animal husbandry, the rational utilization of natural resources and the theory and methodology of this new scientific branch.