自然资源学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (1): 28-40.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1986.01.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国山地分区及其开发方向的初步意见

郭绍礼, 张天曾   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON REGIONALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENTAL DIRECTION OF MOUNTAINOUS AREAS IN CHINA

Gou Shaoli, Zhang Tianzeng   

  1. Commission for Integrated survey of Natural Retouret, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 我国山地约占全国土地总面积的三分之二,这是我国土地构成中一个显著的特点。这一特点,决定了我国宜农的土地少,且后备资源不足;而林牧业和多种经营前途广阔。 从生产角度来看,山区的开发、整治是和山地的邻近地区不可分割的。因此,这里称之为山区的应是自然、社会、经济等复杂的地域综合。

关键词: 自然条件, 矿产资源, 水源涵养林, 山地, 开发方向, 发展方向, 经济林木, 用材林基地, 华北山区, 南方山区

Abstract: China has a vast mountainous area, covering two-thirds of her total land area. Therefore, the rational exploitation of the mountainous areas plays an important role in China's economic construction.China's mountainous areas encompass a variety of natural conditions. They are rich in natural resouces, such as forests, grasslands, water for hydroelectric production and irrigation, minerals, fruits, wild animals and plant resources as well as resources of tourism, etc. There are indeed great potentialities for development. But, owing to long t-terme misuse of the mountainous areas the ecological environment is out of balance, the productive level is low and the living conditions of local inhabitants are rather poor.In order to rationally develop the resources of the nountainous areas and to devise a better land-use planning, a preliminary regionalization of China's mountainous.areas has been made. The total mountainous areas are divided into 10 regions and 37 sub-regions. There has been a review for each region and sub-region about its natural conditions, natural resources, state of production, existing problems, developmental direction, main approach and measures for future development.The discussion about the strategic points for the development of China's mountainous area can be summarized as the following four aspects:1) to recover China's mountain forest vegetation and to build the stable base of forestry;2) to fully use grassland resources to mountainous areas, and to greatly incrcas herbivorous livestocks;3) multiple-use is a key to becoming rich in the mountainous areas;4) the position of cereals production in the mountainous areas.